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4H Wildlife Stewards
 
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PACIFIC NW PLANT FUNCTIONS AND SUGGESTED NATIVE PLANTS

By Lisa Albert
4-H Wildlife Steward
OSU Extension 4-H Program Assistant

FUNCTION
DESCRIPTION
POSSIBLE PLANTS

Hedgerow - Screen
Background

These can be used interchangeably. Generally hedgerow plants are human scaled, while screen plants are larger. A wide hedgerow of multi-stemmed deciduous trees and shrubs can provide considerable visual screening even in the winter. Background plants look good in mass, but not necessarily individually. They function well as a transition into a native environment. They can be used to set off or accent more attractive material and to create an outer visual border of perceived space. Form can be regular and formal or irregular and informal. Plants can be evergreen or deciduous. The plants listed above will work as well.
  • Vine Maple
  • Red Twig Dogwood
  • Tall Oregon Grape
  • Rosa
  • California Wax Myrtle
  • Western Black Hawthorn
  • Ocean Spray
  • Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Mock Orange
  • Red Flowering Currant
Groundcover Any plant that covers the ground and is generally viewed as a mass. Plant height for ground covers can vary from 1” to 3’ or more. Some of these can be used to stabilize slopes and prevent erosion.
  • Salal
  • Kinnikinnik
  • Piggyback plant
  • Twinflower
  • Oregon Oxalis
  • Creeping Oregon Grape
  • Dull Oregon Grape
  • Sword Fern
  • Wild Strawberry
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Bunchberry
  • Sedum
  • Inside-out Flower
  • Violet
Swales/Bogs These plants tolerate seasonal variation in water levels.
  • Rushes
  • Sedges
  • Monkey Flower
  • Camas
  • Red Osier Dogwood
  • Pacific Ninebark
  • Western Crabapple
Drought Tolerant These plants, once established, will require little or no summer watering.
  • Yarrow
  • Pearly Everlasting
  • Oceanspray
  • Mock Orange
  • Sedum
  • Coast Strawberry
  • California Wax Myrtle
  • Ribes
  • Rosa
  • Salal
  • Kinnikinnik
  • Oregon Grape (all)
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4-H Wildlife Stewards, Sunnyside Environmental School, 3421 SE Salmon 1209,
Portland, OR 97214 - 503-916-6074, e-mail: wildifestewards@oregonstate.edu
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