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Alpaca and Llama Health

4-H Events - Sun, 07/20/2014 - 4:27pm
Saturday, July 19, 2014 - Sunday, July 20, 2014 (all day event)

Summer Education and Fundraising Gathering

July 19-20, 2014

Hosted by North West Camelid Foundation


Oregon State University College of Veterinary Medicine




Three Educational Tracks

Fiber Production and Harvest

Alpaca and Llama Health

Farm Management, Pasture Management, Packing, Training and 4-H


Educational Sessions Saturday and Sunday


OSU College of Veterinary Medicine


26th Annual NWCF Fundraising Banquet Saturday Evening


CHM2 Hill Alumni Center on Campus


Information: info@NWCamelidFoundation.org





Tree Farm Tour

Forestry Events - Sat, 07/19/2014 - 4:28pm
Saturday, July 19, 2014 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
tree farm tour on the property of Rich Clark, located south of Alsea.

Rich has some very nice young Douglas-fir plantations on his property but also a mix of other native species, as well as a few redwoods, some walnut and some black cherry, a species seldom seen in this area. Rich has done a considerable amount of pruning and he has a pre-commercial thinning project underway .The property has a beautiful view of the Alsea Valley and is well worth the visit.  Plan to attend!

 Highway 34 from Philomath to Alsea, Just after the post office, turn left on Deadwood Hwy. Go 1.2 miles. Turn left on Fudge Rd. Go 0.9 miles. Turn left up driveway with old green metal gate.There will be a Benton County Small Woodlands sign at the gate, go up hill.

Applied Forest Finance Workshop

Forestry Events - Thu, 07/17/2014 - 4:39pm
Thursday, July 17, 2014 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM

Dr. Brooks Mendell is President and VP of Research at Forisk Consulting.  He has twenty years of consulting, operating, and research experience in forestry, finance and the timber and bioenergy industries.  Dr. Mendell leads Forisk's research and forecasting program.  His experience includes roles in harvest operations and procurement with Weyerhaeuser, in management consulting with Accenture, and as a member of the forestry and finanace faculties at the University of Georgia.  A Fulbright Scholar in Uruguay, Dr. Mendell has published over sixty articles and three books on topics related to timber markets and REITs, forest business and operations, wood bioenergy, and communication skills.  He serves on the Board of Directors for the Georgia Forestry Association.  He earned B.S. and M.S. degrees at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an MBA at the University of California at Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in Forest Finance at the University of Georgia.

All attendees will receive a complimentary edition of Forest Finance Simplified by Dr. Brooks Mendell.

Continuing Education Credits:  Workshop attendees are eligible for 6.5 Cat 1 CFE credits through the Society of American Foresters.

Wood Adhesion Short Course

Forestry Events - Thu, 07/17/2014 - 4:39pm
Wednesday, July 16, 2014 - Thursday, July 17, 2014 (all day event)

Why does glue stick? What makes wood unique when it comes to gluing it together? The adhesive bonding of wood is becoming increasingly important as large timber becomesmore and more scarce. Industries are adopting new technologies tobond wood pieces into larger elements such as flat panels, structural beams, finger-jointed lumber, furnitureparts, etc. Industry professionals need to learn more about wood material science and the science of wood adhesion to effectively troubleshoot wood bonding problems and adoptnew technologies.

See http://wbc.vt.edu/industry/downloads/WASCInformation_OSU_2014.pdf for more information including how to register.

Science Night @ Majestic Theatre

4-H Events - Wed, 07/16/2014 - 4:43pm
Wednesday, July 16, 2014 7:00 PM - 9:30 PM

Join us for music, science trivia, prize, a panel discussion about sustainable science, and a "Science Civil War" between scientists from OSU, U of O, and OMSI !

YOU DECIDE who should win the first ever science demo civil war.

Get more info: 

Blueberry Field Day

Small Farms Events - Wed, 07/16/2014 - 4:43pm
Wednesday, July 16, 2014 1:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Blueberry Field Day: July 16th, 1-5:30pm. Topics will include:

  • Organic blueberry production systems--from establishment through maturity
  • Rootstock evaluation and field performance of "blueberry trees"
  • Meet WSU's new berry crop scientist
  • Nitrogen fertigation management
  • Pesticide registation update
  • Mummy berry--ideas for control
  • Re-defined IPM programs after SWD
  • Challenges with new blueberry cultivar adaptability in BC
  • What blueberry cultivars/selections look good?

Events will be held at the NWREC and will focus on the breeding program and conventional and organic research projects for commercial growers.

Agenda and more info here: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/NWREC/sites/default/files/pg_programs/berry/documents/blueberry_field_day_2014_2.pdf 

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Taking a stand

Evaluation is an Everyday Activity - Wed, 07/16/2014 - 12:02pm

Recently I came across some old note of mine, from some meeting several years ago. I though it would be useful in my writing so I saved it; actually there were two notes that were similar in content. They both relate to blogging, although at the time I didn’t know I would be blogging.

I lump them all under the title of taking a stand, although stance would probably be more descriptive.

The notes are these:

  • Know your audience.
  • Be proactive to anticipate needs.
  • Be reactive to meet needs.
  • Be authentic.
  • Be direct.
  • Be unapologetic.

What you do with them affects you in your dealings, even your evaluation dealings.

If you do not know your audience , you cannot write to them; plan an evaluation with them; conduct an evaluation for them; teach them how to do the evaluation later. (That last sounds like you want to work yourself out of a job??? Maybe?) I have identified my audience as people who work for the Extension Service and need/want to know about evaluation (and sometimes other things… ) and other people who have an interest in evaluation in general–there are a lot of evaluators out there…

I listen to what folks are talking about and try to anticipate needs. Sometimes I’m not very good at anticipating needs; sometimes I am. I know that Fair Season is upon us and folks are probably not thinking EVALUATION right now. I think it is important to have evidence regardless of the season. Evaluation is one way to get evidence to support your contention.

When folks ask a question, I try to answer them (I see a question as a need–most of the time–and my knee jerk reaction is to find a solution). It may not be immediately. I look for answers and remember where those answers were. I send the answers (or at least where to find an answer) to whomever asked. No simple task. Fortunately, I’ve a bunch of good resources.

A long time ago, when I was first starting out in this business, I decided that being authentic (read: real) was the way to go. To me, that is the flip side of being direct. If you have to pussy foot around, you are not being real; you are not being direct. That doesn’t mean you have to be rude or insensitive. It does mean that you call a shovel a shovel, not that digging implement (unless you don’t know the name for something…).

At a certain point (probably after two, maybe after 18); there is no need to apologize for standing up for what you believe. You can only be a door mat if you lie down. So when it comes to taking a stand, no need to apologize. (I still find myself apologizing for things over which I have no control…I don’t need to do that). I do offer a caveat, however, letting the listener know this is my take on the issue.

I’m sure you can figure out how this is all evaluative.

My .


Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Tractor Safety and Operation for Adults

Small Farms Events - Mon, 07/14/2014 - 4:35pm
Monday, July 14, 2014 (all day event)

Join us for a full day covering the basic functions and operations of a tractor.  Saftey, parts, basic maintenance, hooking up implements and driving will be covered during this event.

Click here to register


Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Watching out for the Emerald Ash Borer & other Invasives

Amy Grotta's Tree Topics - Mon, 07/14/2014 - 9:19am
Large purple plastic triangular boxes illustrate monitoring activity

by Brad Withrow-Robinson, OSU Forestry & Natural Resources Extension, Benton, Linn and Polk Counties and Wyatt Williams, ODF Invasive Species Specialist

A large purple box hanging in the trees along Airlie Road last year caught my attention at 55 mph. Pulling over I recognized it as a monitoring trap for one of the current invasive species threatening Oregon’s woodlands. Luckily ODF and others are watching out.

The emerald ash borer (EAB), an invasive insect from Asia, has killed an estimated 100 million trees and caused more than $3.5 billion dollars’ worth of damage and property value losses in the eastern U.S. since its arrival in the 1990′s. All 16 North American ash species are threatened with extinction, including our native Oregon ash. The furthest west population yet detected is in Boulder, Colorado – a day’s drive or so from Oregon in a motor home. Originally introduced to the U.S. via wood packaging material, it is now spread across the continent in infested firewood.

With summer travel and camping season upon us, you can do your part by educating people about the dangers of moving firewood. There is a whole national campaign about this: Don’t Move Firewood. If like me, you enjoy bossing people around, insist your visitors not transport wood!

ODF is working with Oregon State University and OSU Extension, the Oregon Department of Agriculture, the US Forest Service, APHIS, and Washington Department of Natural Resources in order to ‘save our ash.’

Of course this is not the only invasive we worry about, as human travel and commerce create ever increasing opportunities for insects and diseases to jump around. Chestnut blight and Port-Orford-cedar root rot are some older examples and sudden oak death a more recent arrival. Here in the Willamette Valley, people are becoming aware of a problem in black walnuts. Here is a good article about the thousand canker disease which is killing black walnuts in the area that was just posted last week.

Wow.  That is a lot of grim information.  We’ll try to find something happier next time…..


Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Timber Cruising and Forest Inventory:

Forestry Events - Thu, 07/10/2014 - 4:31pm
Wednesday, July 9, 2014 5:00 PM - Thursday, July 10, 2014 2:00 PM

A Hands-on Workshop and Field Day for Family Forest Owners

This program will provide basic knowledge and skills needed to cruise stands of trees and create a reliable forest inventory. We'll answer the questions, "why cruise", and talk about cruising principles, types of cruises, cruise methods, designing a cruise and calculations.  After the Wednesday evening classroom session, the course will move to the field on Thursday for "hands-on exercises" .

There will be some walking on uneven terrain on Thursday so wear good boots.  Also, bring your own water and plan for varying weather conditions.

Instructors:  Bob Parker & Paul Oester, OSU Extension Forestry and Natural Resources Agents; Steve McConnell, WSU Extension Forester.

Wednesday Evening - Pizza and drinks will be provided

Thursday - Bring your own lunch

Society of American Foresters CFE Credits = 4


Amy Grotta's Tree Topics - Thu, 07/10/2014 - 3:17pm

by Chal Landgren, OSU Extension Christmas Tree Specialist

Anyway it is spelled- Yellowjacket, Yellow Jacket or Yellow-Jacket, these insects are feared and hated not only by picnickers, but by many working in the woods, and in Christmas trees.  For Christmas tree growers they can inflict physical and economic pain, since they are unwanted hitchhikers in many shipping destinations.

First some biology- These are not honeybees. Rather, two predatory insects in the genus Vespula, whose common names are the Western Yellowjacket and German Yellowjacket. The Western

Comparison of queens. Photo courtesy ODA

Yellowjacket (V. pensylvanica) is a common native.  Yes, they are predators, but also scavengers, which makes them a pest at summer BBQs and picnics.  The German yellowjacket (V. germanica)  is an uncommon non-native species (not wanted in Mexico).  Both these insects feed on other insects as well as nectar, honeydew and fruit.

Queens will overwinter in protected locations above or below ground and emerge in May. After the queen emerges she will begin her colony which eventually can include hundreds to thousands of workers. Fertilized queens will emerge again in October or November. Males (stingless) begin to emerge in large numbers in late July.

Control strategies are very time sensitive. Some growers have observed fewer nests being formed if they can get out their lure traps before the females start forming colonies (May).  If you can trap a queen you can begin to control the populations. Once the females begin colonies they do not fly and the lure traps catch only workers or males.  Workers can fly ¼ mile or so from the nest in search of food. That “food” can be honeydew from aphid feeding on Christmas Trees, if present.

Where they conflict with work or recreation, nests can be targeted with insecticides. The PNW Insect Management Handbook reminds us wasp nests should be treated in evening when wasps are less active with a pesticide formulated specifically for wasp nests (rather than gasoline), and also that some professionals in the PNW collect wasps to be used in the manufacture of allergy injections. Find more here.

There are registered baiting options that can be useful around homes, campgrounds and zoos. The insecticide Onslaught is a microencapsulated version of esfenvalerate (a pyrethroid) is approved for use in bait stations. A company out of Bend, Alpine Pest Management, makes the bait stations.

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Caneberry Field Day

Small Farms Events - Wed, 07/09/2014 - 4:31pm
Wednesday, July 9, 2014 1:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Caneberry Field Day: July 9th, 1-5:30pm. Topics will include:

  • Research updates on the organic blackberry research program (weed management, irrigation, fertilizer source, and cold hardiness will be addressed)
  • Learning about sampling time for primocane tissue nutrient testing in blackberry
  • Marketing caneberries to chefs
  • Pesticide registation update
  • Redefined IPM programs after SWD
  • Meet WSU's new berry crop scientist
  • Breeding for machine harvest in raspberry
  • Evaluating and walking through the caneberry breeding plots.
Agenda and more information here: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/NWREC/sites/default/files/pg_programs/berry/documents/caneberry_field_day_2014.pdf
Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Doing to; doing with; doing as

Evaluation is an Everyday Activity - Wed, 07/09/2014 - 1:01pm

How do you approach evaluation?

Are you the expert?

Do you work in partnership?

Are you one of the group?

To which question did you answer yes?

If you are the expert and know the most (not everything, no one know everything [although teenagers think they do]), you are probably “doing to”. Extension has been “doing to” for most of its existence.

If you work in partnership recognizing that the group with whom you are working has many cumulative years of knowledge and can give back to you, participants are co-equals, you are probably “doing with”.

If you are really one of the group, working daily to understand differences and biases, sharing that information and gathering information, you are probably “doing as”.

How does all this relate to evaluation? There are approaches to inquiry (of which evaluation is only one) that attempt to get the evaluator away from being the expert. David Fetterman has developed a model called empowerment evaluation ( and writes a blog about it here). His idea is basically to give the ability to evaluate away to the people who live the program/project…making them responsible, making them expert. The evaluator still needs to consult (obviously, or what would evaluators do?). Still it is an example of “doing with” that makes a world of difference. Community-based participatory research is another partnership form of inquiry often seen in public health and other outreach activities (read more about it here). Michael Quinn Patton  talks about participatory evaluation in his book, Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods Participatory action research is another; I’m sure there are others…

The “doing as” concept comes from the diversity literature and includes information on cognitive bias. I heard it first from an evaluation colleague who is an indigenous person from NZ. And although I find this label compelling in its description, I find little or nothing on the concept in the literature. So let me see if I can describe it to you…when you evaluate from the perspective of “doing as” you evaluate as though you are a member of the community, owning the experience, and sharing what you know. It does include the “doing with” concept, to be sure, and goes further than that; the evaluator wears the hat, clothes, shoes of the group, the target group. It is being culturally aware, culturally competent; it is understanding, even if you cannot truly know, what it is like to be that person.

So, dear Readers. Are you doing to, doing with, or doing as when you evaluate?

We need to work diligently to do  “doing as” when we evaluate.







Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Shop at the Dock takes mystery out of seafood buying

Sea Grant - Wed, 07/09/2014 - 12:36pm

NEWPORT – With summer at its peak, so is the craving for fresh, local seafood – but first-time buyers sometimes have questions about purchasing directly from local fishermen.

Enter Oregon Sea Grant’s Fishery Extension Agent, Ruby Moon, who will provide four free, guided “Shop at the Dock” seafood-buying tours this month from the commercial fishing docks in Newport.

Tours start at noon on July 11, 19, 24 and 30 at the entrance of Port Dock 5 on the Newport bayfront. Buyers should bring:

  • An ice chest filled with ice
  • Cash for purchasing seafood
  • Their questions about direct market vessels and choosing and buying fresh seafood.

Learn more:

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Shop at the Dock takes mystery out of seafood buying

Breaking Waves - Wed, 07/09/2014 - 12:36pm

NEWPORT – With summer at its peak, so is the craving for fresh, local seafood – but first-time buyers sometimes have questions about purchasing directly from local fishermen.

Enter Oregon Sea Grant’s Fishery Extension Agent, Ruby Moon, who will provide four free, guided “Shop at the Dock” seafood-buying tours this month from the commercial fishing docks in Newport.

Tours start at noon on July 11, 19, 24 and 30 at the entrance of Port Dock 5 on the Newport bayfront. Buyers should bring:

  • An ice chest filled with ice
  • Cash for purchasing seafood
  • Their questions about direct market vessels and choosing and buying fresh seafood.

Learn more:

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Independence Day

Health & Wellness Events - Fri, 07/04/2014 - 4:26pm
Friday, July 4, 2014 (all day event)
National Holiday. Campus closed. Enjoy a 3 day weekend!

Caneberry Field Day

Small Farms Events - Thu, 07/03/2014 - 4:30pm
Wednesday, July 9, 2014 1:00 PM - 5:00 PM

A focus on the breeding program & research on conventional and organic production systems for commercial growers.  

More information on the event will be forthcoming.  Please hold this date on your calendar.

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Tomorrow is July 4th

Evaluation is an Everyday Activity - Thu, 07/03/2014 - 3:03pm

The US has been a country for 238 years. A long time. Perhaps it is an opportunity to reflect on what are the rights, privileges, and obligations of citizenship. Perhaps it is just another holiday. Perhaps it is just a time for blueberry pie and peach ice cream. Perhaps it is a…fill in the blank.

I’m not feeling particularly patriotic. I am feeling very evaluative. Recently I viewed a map indicating that on a US passport an individual could travel to 172 different countries. The only country passports which were more powerful (i.e., able to visit more countries) were UK, Finland and Sweden. I wonder to where (what country) can’t I travel on my US passport? That question requires evidence. That is evaluative. I value my US passport. My girls and I travel with them even though driver’s license would be easier.  (Being able to fly to Paris at a moment’s notice is important..  ) My passport is one of the privileges that comes with my citizenship. So is voting. So is freedom of speech and worship, and freedom from want and fear (FDR’s four freedoms).

What are you doing tomorrow…remembering?

Remember, evaluation is an everyday activity.

Enjoy the holiday.

my .




Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

I want you to tell me…

Evaluation is an Everyday Activity - Tue, 07/01/2014 - 10:39am

What makes a blog engaging?

We know that blogs and blogging outreach to community members–those who have subscribed as well as those using various search engines to find a topical response.

Do the various forms of accessing the blog make a difference in whether the reader is engaged?

This is not a casual question, dear Readers. I will be presenting a poster at the Engagement Scholarship Consortium in October (which will be held in Edmonton, Alberta). I want to know. I want to be able to present to the various audiences at that meeting what my readers think. I realize that reading evaluation blogs may yield a response that is different from reading blogs related to food, or sustainability, or food sustainability, or climate chaos, or parenthood, or some other topic. There are enough evaluation blogs populating the internet that I think that there is some interest. I think my readers are engaged.

Only you, dear Readers, can tell me.

So are you engaged in reading my blog (even if you don’t comment).

Does the definition of engagement need to be broadened to be more inclusive? (see here for a definition used by the Consortium)

What exactly does collaboration mean in the context of blogs?

An Example:

Chris Lysy in this week’s post talks about the why, what, who, how, and what next of blogging AND the post is peppered with cartoons. Using Chris as an example, I found his post engaging–I’m not sure it is collaborative. That is where I redefine collaborative…without his post, I doubt I would be writing this part of this blog…

So Readers–what DO you think? What makes a blog engaging?

My .


Categories: OSU Extension Blogs

Unintended? Unanticipated? Un…?

Evaluation is an Everyday Activity - Fri, 06/27/2014 - 4:57pm

A colleague asked, “How do you design an evaluation that can identify unintended consequences?” This was based on a statement about methodologies that “only measure the extent to which intended results have been achieved and are not able to capture unintended outcomes (see AEA365). (The cartoon is attributed to Rob Cottingham.)

Really good question. Unintended consequences are just that–outcomes which are not what you think will happen with the program you are implementing. This is where program theory comes into play. When you model the program, you think of what you want to happen. What you want to happen is usually supported by the literature, not your gut (intuition may be useful for unintended, however). A logic model lists as outcome the “intended” outcomes (consequences). So you run your program and you get something else, not necessarily bad, just not what you expected; the outcome is unintended.

Program theory can advise you that other outcomes could happen. How do you design your evaluation so that you can capture those. Mazmanian in his 1998 study on intention to change had an unintended outcome; one that has applications to any adult learning experience (1). So what method do you use to get at these? A general question, open ended? Perhaps. Many (most?) people won’t respond to open ended questions–takes too much time. OK. I can live with that. So what do you do instead? What does the literature say could happen? Even if you didn’t design the program for that outcome. Ask that question. Along with the questions about what you expect to happen.

How would you represent this in your logic model–by the ubiquitous “other”? Perhaps. Certainly easy that way. Again, look at program theory. What does it say? Then use what is said there. Or use “other”–then you are getting back to the open ended questions and run the risk of not getting a response. If you only model “other”–do you really know what that “other” is?

I know that I won’t be able to get to world peace, so I look for what I can evaluate and since I doubt I’ll have enough money to actually go and observe behaviors (certainly the ideal), I have to ask a question. In your question asking, you want a response right? Then ask the specific question. Ask it in a way that elicits program influence–how confident the respondent is that X happened? How confident the respondent is that they can do X? How confident is the respondent that this outcome could have happened? You could ask if X happened (yes/no) and then ask the confidence questions (confidence questions are also known as self-efficacy). Bandura will be proud. See   OR   OR   (for discussions of self-efficacy and social learning).



1. Mazmanian, P. E., Daffron, S. R., Johnson, R. E., Davis, D. A., Kantrowitz, M. P. (1998). Information about barriers to planned change: A randomized controlled trial involving continuing medical education lectures and commitment to change. Academic Medicine 73(8), 882-886.

Categories: OSU Extension Blogs