Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). The meat of an adult cattle is known as beef. Beef cattle have gender specific names: castrated male calf, steer, a non-castrated male, bull, a young female beef animal that has not calved, heifer, a mature female beef animal who has had one or more calves, cow, and a young beef animal less than one year of age, calf.
Since 1910, the first year that statistics were compiled, Americans have been eating an average of 60 pounds of beef yearly. While the principal use of beef cattle is meat production, other uses include leather, and products used in shampoo and cosmetics.