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Hebes provide fall and winter color
November 5, 2010
If you like to prolong color in your landscapes through the summer and into the fall, consider planting evergreen shrubs called Hebes (pronounced HEE-bees) for vivid color in both flowers and foliage during summer and fall.
"Most Hebes flower in the summer, but others bloom in late fall. Some have colorful foliage that lasts through autumn," said Neil Bell, consumer horticulturalist with the Oregon State University Extension Service. "They provide an interesting change from the usual asters and maples we customarily rely on for autumn interest."
Native to New Zealand, Hebes have hundreds of varieties, but only a few are familiar to American gardeners. "The plants may have acquired a reputation for lack of hardiness because some of the most popular cultivars introduced here are not hardy in very cold winters," Bell said. "However, most Hebes do well in the Pacific Northwest."
Large-leaved Hebes can be injured by temperatures below 25 degrees Farenheit and are less hardy than those with small leaves. Rather than avoid buying large-leaved shrubs, consider putting them in a sheltered spot.
For showy purple flowers in the fall, Bell suggests cultivars 'Amy' and 'Alicia Amherst.' 'Purple Picture' blooms in June but flowers profusely again in October and November. 'Mohawk' blooms profusely into November.
Some red-flowering Hebes provide color through November and even through December in a mild year. Bell suggests 'Hobby' or 'Simon Delaux.' 'Bowles' Hybrid' produces lavender flowers in summer, but will bloom again in the fall, even into January.
"Except for 'Bowles' Hybrid,' which is hardier, all these hybrids are susceptible to cold," Bell said. Plant them against a sheltered wall or tucked between other shrubs. Be prepared to give them a little extra cover if the temperature threatens to drop suddenly."
Several small-leaved Hebe cultivars that are hardy west of the Cascades have beautiful and unusual foliage. Some are commonly sold in the Pacific Northwest. 'Quicksilver,' as the name suggests, has small silvery leaves. 'Boughton Dome' has grayish foliage. 'James Stirling' has ochre leaves and resembles a small conifer.
Another unusual characteristic of some Hebes is a noticeable change in foliage color from summer to winter. Some cultivars take on a purplish or reddish cast during winter. Perhaps the best known is 'Caledonia,' which turns purple. 'Sapphire' has shoots that turn bright red at the tips in the winter.
Several of the variegated cultivars are beautiful and unusual, but are large-leaved and require a protected spot if you want them to survive the winter. They include 'Silver Queen' (also called Franciscana Variegata’), 'Tricolor’ and 'Andersonii Variegata.'
In addition to a protected location, Hebes need at least partial sun, well-drained soil and water during the summer months. Most do well without much pruning, and annual moderate pruning after they bloom works well.
The OSU Department of Horticulture's website, called "Landscape Plants – Identification and Information," has photos and other information about several kinds of Hebes that grow on the OSU campus in Corvallis. Go to: http://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/
Results of an OSU landscape evaluation of Hebes is online at:
Source: Neil Bell