Soybeans

Soybean field near Vale, Oregon 2009
Soybean field near Vale, Oregon 2009
Soybean variety trial conducted at the Malheur Experiment Station in 2009.
Soybean variety trial conducted at the Malheur Experiment Station in 2009.
Determinate soybean variety
Determinate soybean variety

Why the interest in soybeans?

Soybeans appear to be as profitable as wheat and corn when considering a 5-cent pound tax credit which is (at a 55 bu/a yield that is $165/acre) if grown in Oregon and processed to biodiesel in Oregon.

Growing Irrigated Soybeans in the Pacific Northwest (EM8996)

2009 Idaho and Oregon Soybean Variety Trials

To learn more about the tax credit, follow this link.

Where would I sell soybeans so they would end up getting the tax credit?  One example is Willamette Biomass Processors.

What kind of yield can I expect?  We don't have a county-wide estimate of what farmers will get.  Experimental yields have averaged 63 bushels per acre with the best varieties receiving 67 bushels per acre.  Reduce these yields since whole fields will average less.  Other advantages of soybeans include:

  • Soybeans are easy to grow and will probably require no new machinery.
  • Soybeans meal is currently imported from the midwest for dairies, etc.
  • Soybeans require no nitrogen fertilization which can help buffer your farm from high fertilizer prices.
  • Soybeans can help us meet the renewable fuel standard.
  • Low input costs - soybeans can handle stress fairly well in the vegetative stage.
  • Soybeans require less water than either corn or alfalfa to grow.
  • Soybeans have a large market so addition of more acres will not saturate market.
  • Soybeans produce a large supply of protein which would be useful in many feeding situations that occur locally.
  • Soybeans have a lot of herbicides to help control weeds even yellow nutsedge.
  • Soybeans can be harvested for grain, hay or silage.
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