Tree Fruits and Winegrapes: One of the most important roles of the Area Extension Agent and Applied Research Scientist for commercial tree fruits and winegrapes in Southern Oregon is as a member of an interdisciplinary team located at the OSU Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center. Team approach to addressing the needs of clientele using research and educational programs has been successful in commercial tree fruit and winegrape problem solving.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the appropriate use of all available methods to maintain pest populations below damaging levels. To date, growers have relied primarily on standard spray programs and non-selective pesticides. These conventional programs destroy most natural enemies resulting in elevated control cost and environmental degradation.
Programs that OSU-SOREC has been working on include:
1) Orchard scout training, for the monitoring of pest and
2) the implementation of a soft pear pest management program that is minimally disruptive to beneficial insects that aid in the control of secondary pests within the orchards.
The objectives of the soft pear pest management program were to:
1) To research, demonstrate and implement an IPM program on pear in southern Oregon;
2) To evaluate the cost and benefits of an IPM vs. conventional pear production program; and
3) where appropriate, to promote the adoption of IPM production practices.
Information about the SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA
Pesticides yield great value to agriculture, and yet they have the potential to cause great harm if improperly used. We also hear public concerns regarding pesticides on our foods, and in our environment every day. That's why it's so important that we work closely with agriculture to insure safe and effective use of pesticides at all times and to provide them with pertinent safety information, for them and their employees. Programs to assist in preparing for the pesticide exam, continuing educational hours for those that have their pesticide licenses as well as programs on pesticide use and safety are conducted annually.
Control methods used in commercial orchards, which are alternative to conventional pesticide applications, can be undermined by the presence of pest and disease sources in nearby, unmanaged trees. The Unmanaged Apple and Pear Tree Outreach Program (UAPTOP) was conceived to provide information, education and incentives for people living near commercial orchards to either manage or remove their apple and pear trees which can serve as sources of pest and disease. BE A GOOD NEIGHBOR
The winegrape industry of southern Oregon is a relatively new, only 34 years old. It is increasing in size at a very fast pace. A new industry, many of the people involved have little or no experience growing winegrapes. Providing educational programs, workshops, newsletters and one-on-one grower contact that provides research- based information and training on vineyard development, pest management, and economics is the major thrust of this program area. The need for good information that addresses general production questions and problems is a must.
This program emphasizes economically and environmentally efficient production of livestock and forages in Western Oregon. Educational programming and information is delivered on a regional basis for Jackson, Josephine, Douglas, Lane, Linn, and Benton counties together. Shelby Filley is responsible for coordinating the program and works with other OSU faculty to meet the program needs of producers, land managers, and government agencies. She also conducts applied livestock and forage research and integrates this work into her educational programs.
Programs include: Animal Nutrition, Animal Reproduction, AI School, Body Condition Score Clinic, Beef Quality Assurance, Sheep Safety & Quality Assurance, Carcass Evaluation, Animal Health, Animal Management, Lambing School, Calving School, Oregon Grazing Conferences, Weed Day, Weed Tour, Forage Identification, Harvesting Forages, Weed Control in Pastures, Fence Building Demonstrations, and more.
Research includes: Early Nitrogen Application for Early Season Forage; Selenium Applied as Fertilizer to Improve Livestock Selenium Status; Sheep Footrot Efficacy Trials; Herbicide Use on Noxious Weeds; Pasture vs. Feedlot Finishing Cattle; and Efficiency of Gain in Stocker Cattle.