GROWING GRAINS ON A SMALL FARM

RESOURCES FOR PRODUCERS  

Amber waves of grain are rippling across a handful of small farms in Southern Oregon. It could be a resurgence in regional production.

Eighty years ago, 41 varieties of wheat were grown on a million acres in Oregon. Small farms grew wheat. Today, there is much less wheat, and what is grown is mostly produced on the large commodity scale, as on the bigger farms in the Klamath basin. 

Since small farms in Southwestern Oregon no longer produce much locally consumed grain, almost a generation of knowledge and infrastructure has been lost. The local foods movement, and the niche marketing opportunities it affords, have led to producers' renewed interest in growing grains for the local market.

In January, 2010, a group of bakers, brewers, chefs, millers and farmers met at OSU Extension to collaborate on ways to meet consumer demand for locally-produced grain products. This meeting was the first in a series of seven classes entitled, " Growing Grains on a Small Farm."  The series, funded by a USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) grant, covered all aspects of grain production throughout the growing season. Each class took place on a farm in Southern Oregon and included a tour of the grain operation, as well as presentations by producers and university specialists.

The resources and links on this page are the results of that class series, as well as data from informal wheat trialing performed during the 2010 growing season.

General Information on Growing Grains                  Livestock Feed   Economics                                                                 Wheat Trial Data                                                                     Direct  Marketing                                                       Equipment                                                                                Resources for Homesteaders 

GENERAL INFORMATION ON GROWING GRAINS

Information on Laboratory Wheat Testing

Small-Scale Production Resources

USDA Bulletin: Historic Wheat Varietals

History of Grain Production

Incorporating Grain into a Whole Farm Plan

Intercropping Grains

ATTRA Newsletter on Growing Organic Small Grains

Post-Harvest Tips for Late Maturing Corn

Seed Sources

Barley Stripe Rust

Washington Crop Improvement Association: Foundation Seed Source

Tillage and Sowing Rate

Southern Willamette Valley Bean and Grain Project

Considerations for Harvest and Post-Harvest, Storage

Washington State University Grain Page

Heritage Wheat Conservancy

Two Row vs Six Row Barley-Brewing

Oregon State University Barley World

 

ECONOMICS

Tips for Profitable Small Grain Production

Enterprise Budgets: Organic Corn Example

Enterprise Budget: Organic Wheat Example

Enterprise Budget: Organic Cover Crop Example

 

DIRECT MARKETING

Developing a Grain CSA: Wheatberry Bakery and Cafe

Example of an Online Grain CSA: Bluebird Farms

Example of a Grain CSA: Pioneer Valley

Example of a Grain CSA Blog

News Article on a Canadian Grain CSA

Example of a Grain CSA Order Form

Marketing Grains Power Point

 

LIVESTOCK FEED

Livestock Feeding Tips-Whole Grain

Grow Your Own Poultry Feed

Sample Poultry Feed Enterprise Budget

 

WHEAT TRIAL DATA

OSU Wheat Trials Data

Trialing Results of Wheat Produced During the "Growing Grains on a Small Farm Course"

Plant Breeding

 

EQUIPMENT

Equipment Needs According to Scale

Machines and Equipment: Resources

Video Footage of an Allcrop in the Field

Video: Antique Tractor-Powered Corn Mill

Foot-Powered Thresher

 

RESOURCES FOR HOMESTEADERS

"Seed to Loaf" Video, Part I

"Seed to Loaf" Video, Part II

Video: Homesteading Scale Threshing Machine

Small-scale Thresher

Plans for Building Small-scale Thresher

 

 Washington State University GRAIN PAGE