Extension News from the West
Join University of Nevada Cooperative Extension on Saturday, May 14, for a one-day workshop on Gardening in Small Places: solving garden problems. The class runs from 8 a.m. to noon.
As summer approaches, you may notice holes in leaves, black spots on the bottoms of the tomatoes, spots on the leaves, your squash not developing or a variety of other things. If you’d like to know what the problems are and what to do about them, join Angela O’Callaghan, social horticulturist, as she explains the common problems in the garden, how they happen, how you can avoid them and what to do about them if they occur.
Problems such as nutrient deficiencies, pests and diseases will be covered. Homeowners and other interested parties are welcome to attend.
Class space is limited to 25 and pre-registration is required. There is a $25 fee per class which covers class materials.
The upcoming Gardening in Small Places workshop dates are June 13, organic gardening; July 11, soil; and August 22, landscape design.
How to prepare for the summer heat and conserve water
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension and the South Valley Rose Society are collaborating and offering educational meetings throughout the spring. Free and open to the public, the May 26 meeting topic is Preparing your rose garden for summer heat.
Join Judith Kafantaris, Master Gardener and Consulting Rosarian, for a discussion about the Mojave Desert’s summer temperatures and the hot and drying winds. It’s important to prepare roses for this reality. Roses will react to the heat and change accordingly. Gardeners need to make changes in how roses are watered, mulched, and fertilized. Come find out the tips.
All educational meetings are held at 7 p.m. at the Lifelong Learning Center located at 8050 Paradise Road, Las Vegas, Nev. (I-215 and Windmill Lane). For more information, please email or call the Master Gardener Help Desk at 702-257-5555.
MSU Extension and the Montana Department of Natural Resources to offer April 9 landownership succession workshop
The 2016 Pest Management Guide for Grapes in Washington is now available for free download. The Guide features updated pest and disease management calendars, and revised sections on weed management. Click here and select the PDF icon at the bottom of the page to download, or order a hard copy for $9.50.Events
Spring Release Event
Budd’s Broiler at Columbia Point in Richland hosts this event Wednesday, March 30. A reception and tasting starts at 5:30, a four course dinner with wine is at 6:30. Cost is $100 per person, with all proceeds benefitting WSU V&E Scholarships. Please RSVP no later than Friday, March 25th to: Kaury Balcom, firstname.lastname@example.org, 509-372-7223 or Casey Fox, email@example.com, 509-372-7445.
Nov 12-19 in Tuscany
March 15-25, 2017 in Sicily
International Cool Climate Wine Symposium
May 26-28 Brighton, England
XI International Terroir Congress
July 10-14 Willamette Valley, Ore.
Melissa Hansen, research program manager for the Washington Wine Commission, writes about how integrated pest management research has saved Washington’s wine grape growers millions in pesticide costs.
Beginning next January, Washington State University Tri-Cities will offer a one-year online professional certificate program in wine business management.NEW FACE IN WSU’S V&E PROGRAM: Q&A WITH KAURY BALCOM
Kaury Balcom is WSU V&E’s new Public Relations and Communications Coordinator. Kaury will work with the wine industry in Washington to get the word out about research and education being done at WSU, and help coordinate events that WSU is involved in.
Markus Keller, a WSU viticulture professor, and others involved in research often get calls from people wondering about particular research. He said it’s not unusual to hear from Valley growers who are unaware of what WSU’s V&E scientists do.
Newly released by WSU economic sciences faculty, Washington Agribusiness: Status and Outlook 2016 looks at opportunities and challenges facing Washington agriculture. The annual publication updates readers on major sectors, including wine grapes. Head to page 11 of the pdf for information and charts on current economic trends for Washington wine grapes. The report also includes a large section on the growth of the hard cider industry in Washington. Read More
Roses are often surprisingly successful here in the great American Southwest. Although growers have been hybridizing them for many generations, these very pampered and fussed-over members of many landscapes are not tender things that melt in the summer heat or curl up and die in the winter chill.
The amazing variety of shapes, colors, petal number, and growth patterns means that one could have five rose plants and each would be different.
Poets talk about red roses and their thorns, but that describes only a small segment of the thousands that are available. Some, âLady Banks’ for instance, do not even have spines. This hybrid produces all its small cream to yellow flowers in a spectacular display that lasts from March to April, and is only a green shrub the rest of the year. Breeders have developed other nearly thornless cultivars that produce red or deep pink flowers.
What some people would once call wild roses are now known as “single roses”. These have five petals, usually pink to deep red, but some cultivars may have 40 or more. Modern varieties of hybrid teas can come in any color — white, yellow, pink, orange, or lavender — in addition to the traditional red.
The extremes of weather are challenging for all landscapes, but most roses appear to take them in stride. This is not to say that they do not have any problems, only that the problems that do occur are not difficult to either prevent or solve.
Like every other type of garden plant, once they have become established they have some requirements that will help them remain healthy.
In the Mojave Desert, irrigation is the most obvious landscape requirement, and roses are no exception. They do best if they receive infrequent, deep watering. The amount and frequency will depend on the soil — sandy soils dry faster, while heavy clay soils can remain moist, even wet, for long periods. If the gardener has added compost to the planting bed that can help improve both water holding capacity and drainage in addition to fertilizing the growing plants. Placing a layer of organic mulch on the soil will help moderate soil temperature and evaporation.
Fertilizing roses is another important practice to help them grow their best. There are fertilizers specifically designed for roses, but they do not require the same amounts of each nutrient throughout the year. High levels of nitrogen (the first number on any fertilizer container) will encourage leaf production at the expense of blossoms, but some nitrogen is required at all times in order for the plant to create necessary proteins. The percentage of element phosphorus is the second number on the container. Phosphorus is critical for flowers and roots. Potassium, the third number, is necessary to utilize water and move sugars from the leaves to the rest of the plant. Apply a tablespoon or so of Epsom salts as well. During spring and summer, do not prune roses, except to remove spent blooms or broken stems. This is when roses are at their best — enjoy!
Angela O’Callaghan, Social Horticulture Specialist for University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, can be reached via email or call or 702-257-5581.
In March, the Board of Regents for the Nevada System of Higher Education granted promotion and tenure to University of Nevada Cooperative Extension faculty YaeBin Kim, Ph.D. During the Regents meeting, Kim was also promoted to Associate Professor.
Kim joined Cooperative Extension’s Children, Youth and Families team in 2010 as a specialist in Parenting Education and Family Literacy. Kim received a Master’s Degree in Seoul, Korea, and her doctorate in Child Development and Human Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Free forums to discuss the impact of volunteers throughout Nevada
Volunteerism is a key factor to a community’s well-being. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension is partnering with Nevada Volunteers to host free forums across the state to hear from members of the community about what makes service and volunteerism work and what can be done to foster greater impact. Members of businesses, faith-based groups, municipal agencies, schools and colleges, nonprofit organizations and civic organizations, along with other volunteers, are encouraged to attend.
"These forums are a way for people in local communities to talk about how volunteering and service are working. Whether as a civic organization, a church, a nonprofit or business perspective, all are important perspectives,” Nevada Volunteers Strategic Initiatives Manager Janet Wright said. “We want to better understand not only what is working, but what might make it easier to create more partnerships and engagement. We want to find the passions and hopes people have for making a difference in their communities."
Forums will be held from 9:30 to 11:45 a.m. at the following locations:
- In Reno: April 6 at the Washoe County Cooperative Extension office, 4955 Energy Way. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-reno/.
- In Fallon: April 14 in the Virgil Ghetto Hall at Western Nevada College, 160 Campus Way. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-fallon/.
- In Las Vegas: May 4 at United Way of Southern Nevada, 5830 W. Flamingo Road. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-las-vegas/.
- In Mesquite: May 5 at the Eureka Casino and Resort, 275 Mesa Blvd. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-mesquite/.
- In Elko: May 11 at the Western Folklife Center, 501 Railroad St. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-elko/.
- In Tonopah: May 19 at the Tonopah Convention Center, 301 W. Brougher Ave. Register online at https://nevadavolunteers.wufoo.com/forms/community-forum-tonopah/.
Participants will learn more about the good works and partnerships happening in their communities; hear about resources, recent data, new ideas and leading practices; provide input that will shape Nevada’s volunteer and service resource network; and showcase engagement and inspire others.
BY Maegan Murray, WSU Tri-Cities public relations specialist
RICHLAND, Wash. – Beginning next January, Washington State University Tri-Cities will offer a one-year online professional certificate program in wine business management.
Beginning in January of 2017, the new non-credit certificate program will be offered in six modules developed and taught by WSU business faculty with interests in wine business, as well as industry professionals with unique expertise in wine business marketing, financial management and specific legal, compliance and trademark issues.
“This combination of academic and practitioner instruction provides both rigor and applicable focus to the field,” said Robert Harrington, WSU Tri-Cities professor of hospitality and wine business management. “The certificate program includes a unique focus, with rigor and quality application of wine business strategic planning, marketing, financial consideration, legal issues, management and wine tourism management.”
In addition to the online classes, the program requires two weekend experiences in Washington Wine Country. Harrington said the experiences provide students with opportunities to network and learn with wine industry professionals, faculty and fellow students on the business of wine. Students will be responsible for their own travel and lodging while attending the two weekend experiences.
The program was developed in coordination with the viticulture and enology certificate programs already offered through WSU. The program is offered through WSU’s School of Hospitality Business Management, which is housed in the WSU Carson College of Business.
“I am excited that WSU now offers three certificate programs for the wine industry, viticulture, enology, and wine business,” said Thomas Henick-Kling, WSU director of viticulture and enology. “Together, the three programs offer a strong and unique education option.”
Ted Baseler, president and chief executive officer of Ste. Michelle Wine Estates, said the new wine business management certificate program “provides wine professionals with a solid understanding of the wine industry.”
To apply for the certificate program, visit https://business.wsu.edu/departments/hospitality/wbm-certificate-program/.
Robert Harrington, WSU Tri-Cities professor of hospitality and wine business management, 509-372-7487, firstname.lastname@example.org
Maegan Murray, WSU Tri-Cities public relations specialist, 509-372-7333, email@example.com
In February, WSU’s Viticulture and Enology program welcomed Kaury Balcom as its new Public Relations and Communications Coordinator. Kaury will work with the wine industry in Washington to get the word out about research and education being done at WSU, and help coordinate events that WSU is involved in.
Kaury, who is from Pasco, will also be taking over as editor of this newsletter in the near future. We wanted to introduce her to our readers and the wine industry with this Q&A.Kaury Balcom
What is your background?
I started my career in hospitality. I have more than 10 years of experience in fine dining, event and food and beverage management. I earned a B.A. in business administration with an emphasis in management and marketing from Carroll College in Montana.
What is your interest in wine and the wine industry?
Other than the fact that I enjoy drinking wine, my family has been in the industry for many years and I enjoy seeing it thrive.
What is your favorite part of the job?
The people. Everyone in the V&E program seems excited about what they do. It is a very collaborative and innovative environment. The relationship between the program and the industry is also very special. Everyone has been encouraging and supportive!
What have you learned about wine so far?
I did wine education when I was in food and beverage management, so I wasn’t coming into it blindly. The majority of what I learned previously was about what comes out of the bottle. Now I’m learning more about what goes into it! The research and analysis conducted in the V&E program continue to impress me.
What do you expect in your first year or so on the job?
I think this will be a year of learning. This is unique program within a large organization and a complex industry. There are many things to learn and people to meet!
What are your favorite kinds of wine?
Whites are my favorite, mostly Sauvignon Blanc. In the summer time, I really enjoy a glass (or two) of rosé and I never turn down bubbles.
What do you do in your downtime?
I enjoy traveling, even if it’s a quick road trip. I feel fortunate to call the Pacific Northwest home and I try to enjoy it as much as possible. When I’m home I enjoy golfing and cooking.
Kaury can be reached at 509-372-7223, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Workshop available at 14 locations statewide April 11
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, in partnership with the Nevada Department of Agriculture, is offering a workshop April 11 to train people throughout the state how to eliminate pests while protecting pollinators. The workshop is meant for certified applicators, people who regularly handle pesticides as part of their jobs, such as farmers, ranchers, park employees and groundskeepers. Attendees will receive continuing education units.
“Pesticide applicators have to be mindful about how to kill the bad pests while protecting the beneficial insects,” Cooperative Extension Urban Integrated Pest Management and Pesticide Safety Program Assistant Melody Hefner said. “You have to remember — if you kill the beneficial insects, you inherit their job.”
- Nevada Pollinators, presented by State Entomologist Jeff Knight with the Nevada Department of Agriculture
- Nevada’s Pollinator Protection Plan, presented by Environmental Programs Coordinator Charles Moses with the Nevada Department of Agriculture
- Pesticide Certification Update, presented by Moses
The training will be held in Las Vegas at the Clark County Cooperative Extension office, 8050 Paradise Road, suite 100, and will be made available via interactive video to 13 other Cooperative Extension locations throughout Nevada, including Battle Mountain, Caliente, Carson City, Ely, Eureka, Fallon, Gardnerville, Hawthorne, Lovelock, Reno, Tonopah, Winnemucca and Yerington. The training runs from 1 to 4 p.m. The cost is $30 and covers three continuing education units.
Cooperative Extension, in partnership with the Nevada Department of Agriculture, has offered pesticide application workshops for the last 20 years, training thousands of Nevadans in safe pesticide use.
The April 11 workshop is not intended to help those who have not yet been certified to prepare for the Certified Pesticide Applicator exam. However, exams are given weekly at the Nevada Department of Agriculture offices in Sparks and Las Vegas by appointment only. Study materials and practice exams are available online at www.nevadapesticideeducation.info.
Limited seating is available for the April 11 workshop. Register by April 6 online at https://4-11-16pesticide-safety-education-program.eventbrite.com or by contacting Hefner at 775-336-0247 or email@example.com. Persons in need of special accommodations or assistance should call at least three days prior to the scheduled event.
Natural wash offers a variety of desert flowers
The Demonstration and Test Gardens at University of Nevada Cooperative Extension’s Outdoor Education Center are beginning to bloom. You can see a variety of desert flowers—penstemons, California poppies and blue bells, desert marigolds and primrose and more— springing up in the natural wash created in the Gardens.
University-trained Master Gardeners offer tours of the Gardens each Friday at 10 a.m. Or you can stop by anytime, Monday-Friday between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. for a self-guided tour.
The Demonstration and Test Gardens are located at 8050 Paradise Road, Las Vegas, Nev. For more information, email or call the Master Gardeners at 702-257-5555.
Many of us have joined the movement to improve the survival of pollinators, which are critical for the production of at least 30% of our food. Their numbers have declined for a few reasons, in particular our destruction of their habitat and overuse of powerful insecticides. While most of us have become familiar with the plight of honeybees, there is relatively large number of other creatures that contribute to pollination of flowering crops.
Many kinds of flowering plants will attract bees, providing them with nectar while festooning them with pollen. When they fly off, the bees share this pollen with other plants, permitting them to grow the fruit we enjoy. When we plant such things as fruit trees, sage and many other flowers, we are receiving their benefits as well as providing a food source of these important insects.
Butterflies are also terrific pollinators, although we tend to think of them primarily as lovely flying miracles. They prefer flowers with a flat area where they can land easily, which is why they are so attracted to lantana and other plants with that kind of flower.
Large colorful monarchs may be the most appealing of butterflies. We often hear about eastern monarchs, which travel enormous distances over three generations. Their western cousins who live around here do not need to go further than California. This is still a long flight for such a small creature. Monarch numbers are also diminishing because of habitat loss and widespread insecticide use. Some, but certainly not all, researchers also believe that pollen from genetically modified crop plants could be another contributing factor.
In order to support the monarchs, milkweed (Asclepias spp.) is becoming a popular addition to a number of home gardens. There are over 100 species of this flowering perennial plant, all native to North America. Unlike some other insects where adults do not feed, the adults of many butterfly species will imbibe the nectar. Milkweed blooms provide a tasty treat to these adults.
The young larvae, on the other hand, are not able to obtain nutrition from the milkweed blossoms. Milkweed leaves are toxic to many varieties of caterpillars, but monarch larvae will chew them and accumulate the toxin. This is the reason so few predators will go after these colorful butterflies.
Since they are perennials, once they have become established, they may live for several years, producing flowers and seeds. Some of the many species are native to this area, and grow very well here in the Mojave. Others are somewhat less tolerant of desert conditions. For instance, swamp milkweed would need more tender care than a desert one. Some appear to survive as long as they are provided with protection from the most intense sunlight.
At Cooperative Extension’s outdoor education center, a dedicated Master Gardener has been hard at work growing a range of different milkweeds. Her efforts will permit us to determine which varieties will thrive in our challenging climate. For more information, call the Master Gardener help line.
Angela O’Callaghan, Social Horticulture Specialist for University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, can be reached by email or call or 702-257-5581.
Cooperative Extension receives grant to send 4-H youth to national leadership conference
Churchill County Cooperative Extension’s 4-H Youth and Families with Promise Program recently received a grant to send three students and one adult to the Leadership Washington Focus conference, a national conference in Washington D.C. that develops leadership skills. Sixth-grader Charlie Lee and eighth-grader Isabella Cardona from Churchill County Middle School; and mentor Taeja Rossback, Churchill County High School senior, will be the first from Nevada to attend the Leadership Washington Program. They will travel to Washington D.C. in June to participate in one of three conferences held this year.
Lee, Cardonna and Rossback earned the opportunity to attend through regular attendance and active participation in the Churchill County 4-H program “Youth and Families with Promise,” for youth ages 8 — 14. In collaboration with the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe, the program includes regular 4-H meetings for youth to participate in enrichment activities focusing on S.T.E.A.M. (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math) and community service; family nights out, where youth and their families participate together in activities; and mentor-mentee meetings, where the mentors and mentees have fun and strengthen bonds.
“Leadership Washington Focus will give these Churchill County 4-H members and their mentors the opportunity to meet with youth leaders from around the country,” LeAnn Davis, 4-H Youth and Families with Promise Program coordinator, said. “Some of them have never really left their home town. This conference provides them with a chance to broaden their horizons and learn about life opportunities available to them.”
Participants in the conference will learn leadership skills through motivational speakers, educational workshops, group activities and direct interaction with conference staff. Attendees will also visit important D.C. landmarks and sites.
Leadership Washington Focus is a program for 4-H youth grades seven through nine. It began in 2014 as a precursor to Citizen Washington Focus, a similar program that began over 50 years ago for 4-H youth in high school. Combined, both programs have reached thousands of youth across the country.
These programs are just some of Cooperative Extension’s 4-H Youth Development Programs, which teach youth ages 5 to 19 leadership, citizenship and life skills, as well as STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math). Fueled by university-backed curriculum and led by trained staff and dedicated volunteers, 4-H programs engage youth in experiential, or “hands-on,” learning. Girls in 4-H are two times more likely to participate in science, engineering or computer technology programs as their peers. In addition, 4-H youth are two times more likely to plan to go to college than their peers. For more information, visit www.unce.unr.edu/4H.
Classes to help agriculture producers with water rights to irrigate efficiently
Nevada agriculture producers rely on irrigation water to produce all crops. However, with the state in the midst of a four-year drought, water for irrigation remains in short supply. Without irrigation, there’s no production. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension is offering free workshops, “Irrigation Management, Tips and Techniques When Water is Short,” March 14 in Eureka and March 15 in Fallon to help agriculture producers get the most out of their crops by irrigating effectively with less water.
“We try to help farmers and irrigators be as effective as they can with the water available to them,” Cooperative Extension Alternative Crops and Forage Specialist Jay Davison said. “These classes will provide tips and information on how to do that.”
- Simplified Irrigation Scheduling on Your Computer or Mobile Device, presented by Irrigation Specialist Troy Peters from Washington State University Cooperative Extension
- Deficit Irrigation of Alfalfa and Grass, presented by Siskiyou County Crops Farm Advisor Steve Orloff from University of California Cooperative Extension
- Update on the Low-Energy Sprinkler Application Water-Saving Trial in Diamond Valley, presented by Water Management Engineer Howard Neibling of University of Idaho Cooperative Extension (Eureka workshop only)
- Soil Moisture Monitors and Irrigation Scheduling, presented by Davison
- Irrigating Alfalfa: Putting all the Pieces Together, presented by Orloff
- Preliminary Results of Nevada Alfalfa Variety Trial, presented by Davison
The Eureka workshop is from 9:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Eureka Opera House, 31 S. Main St. Lunch is provided. To register, contact Jessica Santoyo at 775-237-6137 or ECD@eurekanv.org. The Fallon workshop is from 8:30 a.m. to noon at the Churchill County Cooperative Extension Office, 111 Sheckler Road. To register, contact Pat Whitten at 775-423-5121 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Persons in need of special accommodations or assistance should call at least three days prior to the scheduled event.
Woodland owners will build skills for caring for their trees through a Forest Stewardship Coached Planning course 6-9 p.m. Tuesdays, March 29 – May 17, at the WSU Snohomish County Extension Cougar Auditorium, 600 128th Street SE in Everett. A field day will be Saturday, April 30.
Presented by Washington State University Extension, the course costs $185 before March 16 and $215 thereafter. Pre-registration is required. To register or learn more, visit http://forestry.wsu.edu/nps/events/cpsnoco/ or contact WSU Extension Forestry at 206-263-1128.
The course teaches owners of wooded property how to assess their trees, avoid insect and disease problems, enhance wildlife habitat, get a fair deal when selling logs and take practical steps so their woods provide enjoyment for years to come.
Participants will develop a personalized Forest Stewardship Plan, which qualifying landowners can use to lower their property taxes.
With proper maintenance, lilies can last well beyond Easter
The most popular lily species to grow indoors is the Easter lily. The tall stems grow to two feet or more and the white six-inch, trumpet-shaped blooms are heavily scented. The average lily with one stem has four to six flowers. A “double nosed” or two-stemmed plant may have as many as twelve buds. The shorter and more compact plants are usually preferred.
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Master Gardener’s offer some maintenance suggestions so your lily can last well beyond the Easter season. Overwatering is one of the biggest problems when caring for these plants. Determine when to water by feeling the soil surface. When it is dry to the touch, add water until it runs through the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Let it drain. If foil decorates the pot, punch holes in the material to allow excess water to drain. After watering, discard excess water in the saucer to prevent root rot.
To get best results with a lily, place it in bright light away from direct sun light. Temperature in the daytime should average 60°F to 70°F and about 60°F at night. Remove spent flowers from the plant as soon as possible. When new buds open, remove the yellow anthers bearing the pollen. This keeps the white trumpet clean and prolongs the life of the flower.
When the last flower of the Easter lily plant has faded, remove it from the pot. Plant them on the east or north side of the house in a semi-shady area where drainage is good. Leave the stem attached to the plant until new shoots start coming up from the base. Then, cut the stem off at the soil line. When given proper care, the Easter lily should become a permanent part of the garden. It will flower each summer. For more information on Easter lilies or other gardening questions, call or email the Master Gardener Help Desk at 702-257-5555.