Extension News from the West

Archery, shotgun and rifle shooting sports schedule announced

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension picks new location

4-H Leader Shorty Tom assists Nicholas in applying a fletching to an arrow.

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension 4-H is looking for interested youth to join their shooting sports club. Archery, shotgun and rifle shooting sports will be offered. All equipment for shotgun, rifles and archery will be provided.

The 4-H Shooting Sports Club will meet on Feb. 25, March 11, March 25, April 22 and May 13. On each day, shotgun is at 9 a.m.; club meeting is at 9:50 a.m.; archery is at 10 a.m. and rifle is at 11 a.m. (Dates are subject to change.) The new location is the field located behind the AMPM located at 2300 Glendale Blvd., Moapa, Nev.

The small fee covers materials. Both shotgun and rifle are $75. There are only 10 spots available per discipline, so register early by emailing or calling Lacey Tom at 702-397-2604 x2.

February garden demonstrations and tours scheduled

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Master Gardeners conduct demos

One of the many pathways located in the Outdoor Education Center

During their monthly garden work days, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Master Gardeners invite the community to visit the Demonstration and Test Gardens. As part of the In the Garden series, residents may bring their gardening questions on the following days during Feb.:

The free demonstrations are open to the public.

Rose Garden — Mondays, Feb. 13 and 27 at 9 a.m.

Herb Garden — Wednesday, Feb. 22 at 9 a.m.

Master Gardeners will also offer garden tours on each Friday in Feb. (3, 10, 17and 24) at 10 a.m. The tours are based on participants’ interests. For groups of 10 or more, call Ann Edmunds at 702-257-5587 at least one week prior.

Visitors should be prepared to be outdoors (sun protection, closed toe shoes, drinking water). The gardens surround Cooperative Extension’s Lifelong Learning Center at 8050 Paradise Rd., Las Vegas, Nev. and features 1300 species of desert-adapted plants that are identified by botanical and common names.

For more information or other gardening questions, email or call the Master Gardener Help Desk at 702-257-5555. Master Gardener volunteers staff the desk Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. - 3 p.m.

CAHNRS Coug Connections: Maite Muse

Washington State University Extension News - Fri, 01/20/2017 - 12:02pm

Each week, we will showcase one of our CAHNRS Ambassadors, a student leadership organization that encourages students to pursue higher education and serves as a liaison between the college and the greater community. This week, we’re featuring Maite Muse, a senior from Moses Lake, Wash.

Maite Muse

What are you studying?

I’m majoring in Animal Sciences.

What is a fun fact about you?

I was a fortunate enough to be able to bring my horse with me to college and continue riding.

Why WSU?

The first time I came to WSU I knew I wanted to attend this university. I was amazed with how many opportunities there were and could not wait to join the Cougar family. Also, who doesn’t love Ferdinand’s ice cream?

What is special about being a CAHNRS Coug?

The college encompasses a wide range of academic fields and helped me hone in on my passion for the dairy industry. CAHNRS helped me find a place where I really belong.

Where do you want to be (professionally or personally) 10 years after you graduate?

After I graduate, I will be working for Vantage Dairy Supplies in California, and in ten years I hope to have progressed in the company… and be soaking up the California sun!

Favorite class you have taken within CAHNRS so far? Why?

Animal Science 313 is focused on feeding, and feeding is rumored to be a difficult class, but in what other class can you spend time making your own silage and formulating rations? Dr. Nelson is such a great professor who takes the time to really help you learn.

What other extracurricular activities have you been involved in?

During my time here at WSU, I have had the chance to live at the Ensminger Beef Center and be a member of Cooperative University Dairy Students (CUDS) and participate in dairy challenges. These programs have provided me the hands-on, real world experience I needed.

Favorite Ferdinand’s flavor of ice cream?
It’s not technically an “ice cream flavor,” but the Oreo milkshake is my favorite thing on the menu.

Hands-on culinary workshop classes begin in March

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension hosts cooking classes

Chef and Registered Dietitian Nutritionist Celestina Brunetti

If you or a loved one are suffering from kidney disease, diabetes or heart disease, join University of Nevada Cooperative Extension’s Chef/Registered Dietitian Nutritionist Celestina Brunetti for the free, hands-on culinary cooking classes. Chef Brunetti will review the techniques to making cooking at home easy and fun.

The Cooking for Kidney Disease classes will be held on Wednesday, March 15; Saturday, April 22; and Tuesday, May 2.

The Cooking for Diabetes Management classes will be held on Saturday, March 25; Wednesday, April 19; and Thursday, May 18.

The Cooking for Heart Health classes will be held on Tuesday, March 7; Monday, April 3; and Saturday, May 20.

All classes are held from 1-3 p.m. at Cooperative Extension’s Lifelong Learning Center located at 8050 Paradise Road, Las Vegas, Nev. The Lifelong Learning Center is on the RTC 122 Bus Route. Incentives and taste testing will be provided for attendees!

Register online at Eventbrite.com. Search Cooking for Chronic Kidney Disease; Cooking for Diabetes; and Cooking for Heart Health.For more information, email or call Cindi Kay Morehead at 702-940-5430.

New date announced for “Research Review”

Washington State University Extension News - Wed, 01/18/2017 - 7:22pm

Members of Washington State’s wine industry are invited to attend the rescheduled Research Review on January 30-31, 2017. The event originally set for January 18-19 was postponed due to unsafe travel conditions. The rescheduled event will be at the Walter Clore Wine and Culinary Center in Prosser, Washington.

The review, which is part of the Washington State Grape and Wine Research Program, gives viticulture and enology researchers seeking grant funding a chance to share results of ongoing projects and pitch new proposals to the Wine Research Advisory Committee. The committee serves as the scientific review arm for the Washington wine industry and makes research project funding recommendations to the Wine Commission’s board of directors for approval.

The Research Review agenda includes 28 presentations over the two days, with lunch and a wine social hour on January 30. Projects supported by the Grape and Wine Research Program are funded by four sources that represent a unique blend of state, industry, and private support. Each source—the Washington State Wine Commission, Auction of Washington Wines, Washington State University’s Agriculture Research Center, and state sales tax on all wine sold—provides about 25 percent of the total spent on research. In 2016, the program’s research grants totaled $870,000.

There is no registration fee for the meeting but a head count is needed for lunch. For more information, contact Wine Commission Research Program Manager Melissa Hansen at: mhansen@washingtonwine.org. 

About the Washington State Wine Commission

The Washington State Wine Commission represents every licensed winery and wine grape grower in Washington State. Guided by an appointed board, the mission of the WSWC is to raise positive awareness and demand for Washington State wine through marketing and education while supporting viticulture and enology research to drive industry growth.  Funded almost entirely by the industry through assessments based on grape and wine sales, the WSW is a state government agency, established by the legislature in 1987. To learn more, visit www.washingtonwine.org.

Media Contact: Heather Bradshaw, Communications Director
(206) 326-5752, hbradshaw@washingtonwine.org

Free pruning workshop

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Professor conducts training

Pruning workshop

Join University of Nevada Cooperative Extension on Sat., Jan. 21, for a workshop on pruning from 9 a.m. to noon. The class, taught by M.L. Robinson, environmental horticulturist for Cooperative Extension and the Pahrump Master Gardeners, is designed to demonstrate how to prune trees, shrubs and roses.

This is a free program; one hour inside instruction then moving outside to the demonstration garden.

No registration necessary; bring gloves and pruning tools for hands-on training.

The workshop will be held at Cooperative Extension’s demonstration garden located at 1651 E. Calvada Blvd., Pahrump, Nev. Email or call Cherry McCormick at 775-727-5532 for more information.


Washington State University Extension News - Tue, 01/17/2017 - 5:26pm
WSU Viticulture and Enology Faculty, Partners Give Presentations Around the World Markus Keller InnoVine International Symposium

Markus Keller, WSU scientist and professor of viticulture, gave the keynote presentation at the InnoVine International Symposium in Toulouse, France Nov. 16-17.  More than 250 attendees heard Keller’s presentation “Grape berry ripening: Environmental drivers and spoilers.”  While in France Keller was also invited to speak at the Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin Seminar Series, University of Bordeaux.

MJ Murdock Charitable Trust Partners in Science National Conference

Each year the MJ Murdock Charitable Trust awards approximately 25 Partners in Science grants to fund teacher-mentor research opportunities for high school teachers in the Pacific Northwest.  Last year, WSU Assistant Professor of Viticulture and Enology Dr. Tom Collins was named as a project mentor and paired with Frederick Burke, a science teacher at Chiawana High School in Pasco, Wash.

This past summer, the pair began research on their two-year project to characterize non-volatile components of Washington wines using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.  Research results from the first year of trials were outlined in a pictorial poster that Burke presented at the National Partners in Science Conference held in San Diego, Calif. Jan. 12-14.  Collins and Burke will return to the conference in 2018 to give an oral presentation on their progress.

James Harbertson Cabernet Sauvignon Forum

WSU Associate Professor of Enology Dr. Jim Harbertson has been invited to speak at the Cabernet Sauvignon Forum in Margaret River, Western Australia on Jan. 24.  The focus of the forum is Cabernet “hang time” and its impact on yield, and grape and wine quality. Dr. Harbertson will deliver a presentation on “hang time” experiments in Washington.

Create a butterfly habitat in your garden

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Master Gardener explains the process

Master Gardener Anne Marie Lardeau, Milkweed project chairperson, displays seed packets for pick-up.

On Saturday, Feb. 4 at 10 a.m. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Master Gardener Anne Marie Lardeau will present the process of creating a Monarch Butterfly habitat in your garden. The workshop will take place at Cooperative Extension’s Research Center and Demonstration Orchard located at 4600 Horse Drive, North Las Vegas, Nev.

Lardeau will explain how and why Las Vegas is a part of the fall Monarch Butterfly migration; the life cycle of the Monarch Butterfly; and how you can attract Monarchs to your garden.

Lardeau will also review the southern Nevada native Milkweed plants, the exclusive food for the Monarch caterpillars; the non-Nevada Milkweeds that are attractive and can survive in our climate; and the nectar plants favored by Monarchs that bloom during their migration.

Seeds of the native rush milkweed (Asclepias subulata) and instructions on how to grow them will be available free to the public.

For more information, email or call the Master Gardener Help Desk at 702-257-5555.

Effects of extreme climate events on grapes, wine

Washington State University Extension News - Mon, 01/16/2017 - 2:51pm

Wine and grape industry members, researchers and students are invited to a research symposium, “Climate Extremes: Is the Pacific Northwest Wine Industry Ready?” 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Friday, March 17, in the East Auditorium at Washington State University Tri-Cities in Richland, Wash.

Researchers and industry leaders will discuss climate trends, impacts of extreme weather, solutions for mitigating damage and available resources. The symposium is hosted by the WSU viticulture and enology program.

Registration is $100 per person and includes a social reception to follow. Discounts are available to students on a first come, first served basis with priority given to WSU viticulture and enology students. For more information and to register, go to http://wine.wsu.edu/climate-extremes or email kaury.balcom@wsu.edu.

In the Pacific Northwest, recent warmer spring and summer temperatures have led to earlier harvests and changes in fruit composition. The region also has experienced early fall frosts before vines are fully dormant, then generally mild winters (with the exception of several cold snaps this season) followed by sharp declines in temperature through early spring.

Heat and cold extremes can be damaging to grapevines and impact fruit composition and winemaking decisions. Information presented at the symposium will equip growers to manage vineyards and adjust winemaking practices amid these variable conditions.

Speakers include:

Dr. Hans Schultz, president, Hochschule Geisenheim University.  Dr. Schultz is an international expert on grapevine physiology and climate.  He has conducted viticulture research in Germany, France, Australia and California.





Dr. Greg Jones, director of the Division of Business, Communication and the Environment, professor and research climatologist in the Environmental Science and Policy Program, Southern Oregon University. Dr. Jones is a research climatologist specializing in the climatology of viticulture, with a focus on how climate variation influences vine growth, wine production and the quality of wine produced.




Dr. Markus Keller, professor of viticulture, Washington State University. Dr. Keller’s research program focuses on developmental and environmental factors and vineyard management practices as they influence crop physiology of wine and juice grapes. He is also the author of the textbook “The Science of Grapevines.”





Dr. Roger Boulton, professor & chemical engineer, Stephen Sinclair Scott Endowed Chair in Enology, UC Davis.   Dr. Boulton studies the chemical and biochemical engineering aspects of winemaking and distilled spirits production.





Dr. Steve Ghan, climate scientist, Climate Center, Pacific Northwest National Lab. Steve’s research has made important contributions to the influence of complex topography on microclimate, and used that understanding to simulate the impact of climate change on mountain snowpack across the Earth.




The symposium is a part of the Ravenholt Lecture Series, which brings grape and wine industry professionals to WSU to share their research and professional perspective. The series is made possible through an endowment from the Albert R. Ravenholt Foundation. Ravenholt, an early pioneer in Washington’s wine industry, was founder of Sagemoor Vineyards.



Washington State University Extension News - Mon, 01/16/2017 - 12:05pm
Click here to learn more about the WSU Viticulture and Enology Program and our achievements in 2016:

V&E Achievement Report single

CAHNRS Coug Connections: Oscar Ulloa

Washington State University Extension News - Fri, 01/13/2017 - 12:33pm

Each week, we will showcase one of our CAHNRS Ambassadors, a student leadership organization that encourages students to pursue higher education and serves as a liaison between the college and the greater community. This week, we’re featuring Oscar Ulloa, a senior from Vancouver, Wash.

Oscar Ulloa

What are you studying?

I am majoring in Food Science.

What is a fun fact about you?

I have been playing soccer for 20 years.

Why WSU?

Because once a Coug, always a Coug.

What is special about being a CAHNRS Coug?

It is special in the sense that it is so diverse, yet everything is connected in one way or another.

Where do you want to be (professionally or personally) 10 years after you graduate?

I would like to be working in Portland, Oregon near my family doing nutrition research.

Favorite class you have taken within CAHNRS so far? Why?

Food Chemistry because it ties in everything I’ve learned and applies it to real-world problems.

What other extracurricular activities have you been involved in?

Food Science Club and the CAHNRS Student Senate

Favorite Ferdinand’s flavor of ice cream?


Water driving urban design: Landscape architecture professor leads national panel

Washington State University Extension News - Thu, 01/12/2017 - 10:32am
Hope Rising

Hope Hui Rising, assistant professor of Landscape Architecture with Washington State University’s School of Design + Construction, moderated and presented in a panel entitled “Water Urbanism: Water as a Driver for Urban Design and Landscape Architecture,” at the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) Annual Conference, Oct. 21-24 in New Orleans.

Her panelists included Dennis Carmichael, an ASLA Fellow and a former president for the society, and Prisca Weem, Stormwater Manager from New Orleans’ Office of Mayor.

“Delta cities will continue to be vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and sea level rise even after having maximized their water retention capacity,” said Rising. “Promoting upstream water retention through implementing water urbanism in upstream cities is a more cost-effective way to mitigate floods in delta cities.”

The panel was attended by more than 200 landscape architecture practitioners, educators, researchers, and students. Licensed landscape architects and certified urban planners in attendance received continuing education credits. The content of the panel will be offered by ASLA as an online continuing education course for a broader audience interested in better addressing the compounding effects of coastal, riverine, and inland flooding to better adapt delta cities to the impacts of climate change and sea level rise.

Prototype water system used in urban design, from the 2016 Water Urbanism panel.

Rising discussed the use of controlled flooding, room for the river, and multiple lines of defense to address inland flooding, riverine flooding, and coastal flooding through water urbanism. Water urbanism is a water-coherent approach to urban design that redefines Low-Impact Development as a stormwater management approach by addressing the impacts from not only developments but also climate change and sea level rise.

Due to the lack of proactive funding, climate adaptation has been largely funded indirectly by taxpayers nation-wide through the Federal Emergency Management Agency as an after-thought in post-disaster cities like New Orleans, says Rising. However, research shows that upstream water retention is more cost-effective than downstream. Most upstream water retention has been provided through reservoirs within river channels. Delta cities will continue to sink due to sediment trapping by upstream reservoirs.

Rising urged upstream cities to make the shift towards incorporating an intelligent amphibious transportation system into their right-of-ways to help delta cities, such as New Orleans, mitigate flooding. Such amphibious right-of-ways, she said, could be designed to provide ecosystem services, such as energy generation, to help both upstream and delta cities finance long-term climate adaptation strategies.

Scientists discover new perennial hybrid of wheat, wheatgrass

Washington State University Extension News - Wed, 01/11/2017 - 9:38am
Colin Curwen-McAdams

With a hybrid crop called Salish Blue, scientists at Washington State University have combined wheat and wheatgrass in a new species with the potential to help Pacific Northwest farmers and the environment.

Salish Blue is just one variety of a new perennial grain species, ×Tritipyrum aaseae. It’s the first new species to be named by wheat breeders at WSU in 122 years of breeding.

Colin Curwen-McAdams, a graduate research assistant at the WSU Bread Lab at Mount Vernon, and Stephen Jones, wheat breeder and director of the lab, describe the development of ×Tritipyrum aaseae in a recent issue of Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution.

Unlike bread wheat, which is planted and dies in a single generation, perennial grains hold the promise of bearing seed for multiple harvests. At the same time, perennial hybrids can bring ecological benefits to grain production.

“Perennial grains add value in ways other than just being wheat,” said Curwen-McAdams. “What we need right now are crops that hold the soil, add organic matter, and use moisture and nutrients more efficiently. That’s the goal of this breeding program.”

Breeding ×Tritipyrum aaseae and Salish Blue, which was developed as a potential food and dairy forage crop for the Pacific Northwest, gives farmers new crop options.

“We’re working with farmers to determine what Salish Blue will do and how it will fit with their rotations,” said Jones.

Named for a forgotten professor

Hannah Aase

For the past century, breeders around the world have been trying to develop a perennial grain crop from wheat and its wild relatives. Development of Salish Blue caps 21 years of work by WSU scientists to stabilize wheatgrass-bread wheat hybrids through classical plant breeding, without using gene-modification.

Combining wheatgrass with bread wheat, which contains three separate genomes, posed a challenge.
“It’s incredibly difficult to get what qualities you want, and hold on to them over generations, while not bringing along other things that aren’t desirable,” said Jones.

Chromosomes and characteristics of the perennial hybrid, Salish Blue.

The new species is named after professor Hannah Aase, who explored wheat genetics as a botanist and cell biologist at Washington State College, now WSU, from 1914 to 1949. She died in 1980.

“The work Dr. Aase did was important but largely overlooked,” said Curwen-McAdams. “She was trying to answer the question of where wheat comes from. We wanted to honor her and bring her back to the forefront.”

Clear names share knowledge

In their paper, Curwen-McAdams and Jones call for breeders and geneticists to contribute to nomenclature—how species are named—to advance the science of grain hybrids.

“We wanted to lay out a strategy for naming these combinations, and then name one ourselves to show how it’s done,” he said. “It’s no longer wheat or a wild species. Naming this as a new species lets us think about how it fits into our agriculture.”

To learn more, contact Colin Curwen-McAdams at (541)-829-9351 or colin.curwen-mcadams@wsu.edu or Stephen Jones at 360-707-4640 or joness@wsu.edu.

Robotic dairies topic of WSU Extension talk

Washington State University Extension News - Tue, 01/10/2017 - 5:37pm

Dairy producers are invited to a WSU Extension presentation on the economics of robotic milking, 6:30 p.m. Thursday, Jan. 19, in Sunnyside, Wash.

In “Are Robotic Milkers a Technology for your Farm,” Jim Salfer, dairy nutrition and management specialist at the University of Minnesota, discusses design, finances, and pros and cons of automated dairies.

Experts with the WSU Department of Animal Sciences host the presentation at Snipes Mountain Brewery and Restaurant, 905 Yakima Valley Highway. Refreshments will be provided.

“With labor costs increasing rapidly, and with the increasing difficulty of finding labor, there is growing interest in robotic milkers,” said Salfer. “Robots were once thought of as a technology for small farms, but larger farms are increasingly interested.”

Salfer will look at the economics of robots on farms of various sizes; discuss the factors that affect milk production and labor costs in robotic milking systems; and examine the effect that milk production and labor costs have on the economics of robot milkers.

Sponsoring partners include the Washington State Dairy Federation, Daritech, Bank of the Pacific, Aberdeen and Burlington, Excel Dairy Service and DeLaval Dairy Service.

For information, contact Amber Adams-Progar, WSU Dairy Management Specialist, at 509-335-0673 or amber.adams-progar@wsu.edu, or Joe Harrison, Animal Scientist and Extension Specialist at WSU Puyallup, at 253-445-4638 or jhharrison@wsu.edu.

McFerson named to genetic resource advisory council

Washington State University Extension News - Fri, 01/06/2017 - 4:12pm
Jim McFerson (Photo by TJ Mullinax/Good Fruit Grower)

Jim McFerson, director of the WSU Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center in Wenatchee, was appointed a Scientific Member to the National Genetic Resources Advisory Council in December.

The nine-member group advises the U.S. Department of Agriculture on actions and policies for collection, maintenance, and utilization of genetic resources of agriculturally important organisms: plants, forest species, animals, aquatic species, insects, and microbes.

“Having worked so much of my career with plant genetic resources, this is both an honor and an exciting challenge,” said McFerson.  “It is particularly gratifying that I can represent the incredible array of genetic resources that are so important to Washington state, from crop plants to livestock to forest to fish to fungi and even microorganisms.”

Since so many WSU faculty are involved in activities related to genetic resources, from breeding, to genetics, to genomics, McFerson will have the opportunity to understand more about their work and highlight their activities at the national and international level.

“I hope that I can also provide some insight on external funding and training opportunities for our faculty and students.”

Paper shows Extension, research role in identifying new pests

Washington State University Extension News - Fri, 01/06/2017 - 3:59pm
European Chafer larva recently found infesting lawns in SeaTac, Wash. (Photo by Todd Murray)

Washington State University Extension and the WSU Department of Entomology are significant contributors to detecting exotic pests that threaten Washington’s farms, gardens and forests.

A newly published article in American Entomologist measures the significance of educating stakeholders about threatening pests, and how to identify them. Programs such as Master Gardeners and Pesticide Education have been found to be important in encouraging submission of newly introduced pests for identification and confirmation. In the past 20 years, close to a quarter of all new insect pest detections originated from WSU Extension programs. Others prompted insect sample submissions to the Washington Department of Agriculture. Early detection of newly introduced pests mitigates the damage these pests can cause.

The article was titled Shadow Surveys: How Non-Target Identifications and Citizen Outreach Enhance Exotic Pest Detection.” Todd A. Murray, director of the Agricultural and Natural Resources Extension Program Unit, was a co-author.

Learn more about WSU’s First Detector/Exotic Pest Team here: http://extension.wsu.edu/impact-reports/first-detectorexotic-pest-team/

CAHNRS Coug Connections: Lupe Villasenor

Washington State University Extension News - Fri, 01/06/2017 - 2:50pm

Each week, we will showcase one of our CAHNRS Ambassadors, a student leadership organization that encourages students to pursue higher education and serves as a liaison between the college and the greater community. This week, we’re featuring Lupe Villasenor, a senior from Lake Chelan, Wash.

Lupe Villasenor

What are you studying?

I am double majoring in Agricultural Economics and Agricultural and Food Business Economics

What is a fun fact about you?

I high-fived Tim McGraw and I taught one of my pigs how to sit.

Why WSU?

The question is WHY NOT? This university offers a great agricultural program, which is why I originally chose WSU. But I have gotten much more than a great agricultural education; I’ve made friends, connections, and memories that I will have for the rest of my life.

What is special about being a CAHNRS Coug?

The atmosphere is like none other. Everyone is proud of who they represent and are more than willing to help you find a home in our college.

Where do you want to be (professionally or personally) 10 years after you graduate?

I would like to be somewhere in the agricultural industry being a positive advocate for agriculture.

Favorite class you have taken within CAHNRS so far? Why?

Econometrics because it allowed me to use a lot of the skills I had gained to that point and apply them to real-life situations.

What other extracurricular activities have you been involved in?

Economics Club, AgTM Club, and co-ed intramural basketball, softball, and soccer

Favorite Ferdinand’s flavor of ice cream?

Apple Cup Crisp

Prepare for possible flooding now

What to do before, during and after a flood

With flooding likely in parts of northern Nevada this weekend, residents are encouraged to familiarize themselves with what to do before, during and after a flood. The best local resource for information on flooding is the Nevada Floods website. Residents are encouraged to visit the website now, but here is some basic information.

Terminology: A flood watch means that flooding is possible in your area. You should be prepared to move to higher ground upon short notice. A flood warning means a flood is occurring or is about to occur. If advised to evacuate, do so immediately.

When to leave your home: If the danger is significant, local authorities may issue an evacuation notice to alert residents that flooding will be or is occurring, and it is important to leave the area. Evacuation orders vary by community and state, and may range from voluntary to mandatory. When authorities issue a mandatory evacuation notice, leave the area immediately. If you have pets, take them with you. If you cannot take them with you, arrange to board them at a facility well away from flood danger. Keep in mind the Five Ps of Evacuation: people, prescriptions, paper, personal needs and priceless items

Before a flood:
Gather items you will need to bring with you if evacuation is needed:

  • Water: At least a three-day supply (one gallon per person per day and extra if you have pets)
  • Food: At least a three-day supply of nonperishable, easy to prepare foods
  • Medications: At least a seven-day supply
  • Medical items: Hearing aids and batteries, glasses, contact lenses, syringes, canes or other walking assistance tools, items for people with disabilities
  • First-aid kit
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Rubber boots and rubber gloves
  • Copies of personal documents (medication lists, important medical information, deed/lease to home, birth and/or marriage certificates, insurance policies, etc.)
  • Cell phones and chargers
  • Family and emergency contact information
  • Extra cash
  • Extra blankets, clothing, shoes
  • Baby supplies (bottles, formula, baby food, diapers)
  • Pet supplies (collar, leash, ID, food, water, carrier, bowl, blankets, toys)
  • Extra sets of vehicle and house keys
  • Priceless items or valuables
  • Rain gear
  • Camera for photos of damage
  • A NOAA weather radio that receives broadcast alerts directly from the National Weather Service
During a flood:
  • Listen to the TV and/or radio for flood warnings and reports of flooding.
  • Check websites (for example, the National Weather Service).
  • Be prepared in case there is a power outage. Have electronic devices charged.
  • Take advantage of sandbags if your home/business is in a flood-prone area. Be prepared, as these take longer to fill than you might think. See this Sandbagging Techniques video for information about how to fill and place sandbags.
  • If you have a basement, make sure your sump pump is working. Consider a backup battery-operated one if necessary.
  • Clear debris from gutters or downspouts.
  • Cautiously clear small items out of waterways. Anything bigger than a tumbleweed should be removed by an emergency service person.
  • Anchor any fuel tanks and outdoor furniture.
  • Move important documents and valuables to a safe place.
  • Be prepared to evacuate at a moment’s notice.
  • When a flood or flash flood warning is issued for your area, head for higher ground and stay there.
  • Do not try to walk in floodwaters. Just 6 inches of water is enough to knock you down.
  • Do not try to cross a flooded road. Turn around and find an alternative route. Most cars can be swept away by less than 2 feet of water.
  • Keep children out of the water.
  • Be especially cautious at night when it is harder to recognize potential dangers.
  • Know your evacuation routes (several may need to be identified) and have a place to stay.
  • Ensure your vehicle has a full tank of gas and is ready to go if you need to leave an area quickly.
  • If you do not have a place to go, contact the city for locations of evacuation shelters.
  • Establish a communication plan with family. Determine ahead of time where you will meet or go if you should get separated.
  • Use text messaging or social media to let friends and family know you are safe.
  • If you should happen to get trapped in a building, vehicle or outdoors during a flood, get to the highest spot you can and try to signal or call for help.
After a flood:
  • Only return home when officials have declared the area safe.
  • Shut off utilities until it can be determined that they do not pose a risk.
  • Use flashlights, not lanterns, torches, or matches, to examine buildings, as open flames may cause a fire or explosion if gases have been leaking.
  • Before entering your home, look for loose power lines, damaged gas lines, foundation cracks or other damage.
  • If you smell natural or propane gas or hear a hissing noise, leave immediately and call the fire department.
  • If parts of your home are collapsed or damaged, approach carefully.
  • During cleanup, wear protective clothing, rubber gloves and rubber boots.
  • Be especially cautious of mold, asbestos and lead paint contamination.
  • If food or water have come into contact with floodwater, discard these items.
  • Work with your insurance company if you have flood insurance.
  • Let people know you are safe.

This information has come from the Red Cross, FEMA, the National Weather Service and University of Nevada, Reno, and was written by Lindsay Chichester, Carson City Extension Educator at University of Nevada Cooperative Extension.

Looking for educational gardening activities for the spring?

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension offers gardening program for youth

Junior Master Gardeners prepare the soil for planting at the Children’s Demonstration Garden in Oct.

The Junior Master Gardener™ program offers a fun, educational activity for your child this spring. Beginning in Feb., your child can experience hands-on gardening activities while learning about plants, water, soil, veggies and more, with an end product they can eat! In addition, your child can learn leadership skills, service, safety with tools, community service and much more from this 4-H program.

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension’s Junior Master Gardener™ program is open to all children ages 7-12. The 8-session per semester class fee is $20. Classes are held from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. twice-monthly. If you live in the north part of the valley, classes begin on Feb. 4 and are held at the Research Center and Demonstration Orchard (4600 Horse Road, North Las Vegas, Nev.). If you live in the south part of the valley, the classes begin Feb. 11 and are held at the Lifelong Learning Center (8050 Paradise Road, Las Vegas, Nev.).

For more information and to register, please email or call Karyn Johnson at 702-257-5523. Students must register to participate. For more information on the nation-wide JMG program, visit JMGKids.us. Families with children outside of the JMG registration age range, please contact Johnson for scheduled dates of family gardening days.

Registration under way for hands-on oilseed workshops

Washington State University Extension News - Wed, 01/04/2017 - 9:43am

Canola plants are growing in the greenhouse, speakers are planning their presentations, and registration is underway for the only workshops in the Pacific Northwest featuring all things oilseeds.

The WSU Oilseed Cropping Systems Project hosts three workshops, January 26 in Hartline, January 31 in Ritzville, and February 2 in Clarkston.

A new addition this year will be hands-on, interactive sessions featuring canola plants exhibiting nutrient deficiencies, different varieties of canola grown in soil containing varying levels of residual herbicides, and plants with drift herbicide injury. The format is also new, with participants divided into groups and taking part in eight 40-minute sessions. Presenters will include Pacific Northwest university research and Extension faculty, new and seasoned oilseed producers, and local agriculture industry reps.

Attendees can count on learning about optimizing oilseed production through managing crop and chemical rotation, drill calibration, variety selection, enterprise budgets, pest and disease identification, combine settings, yield results from PNW variety trials, fertilizer management, and much more.

Jeff Scott, Oklahoma canola producer and current U.S. Canola Association president, and Ron Sholar, executive director of the Great Plains Canola Association, along with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho producers will talk about forming a Pacific Northwest Canola Growers Association.

Registration is $20 and includes lunch and all refreshments. Each workshop will end with an industry sponsored social. Pesticide and CCA credits are available. Registration is available at www.css.wsu.edu./biofuels. Questions can be directed to Karen Sowers at ksowers@wsu.edu, 808-283-7013.