Native plants serve many purposes

Hedgerows/Screens

The terms hedgerow and screen can be used interchangeably. Generally hedgerow plants are human scaled, while screen plants are larger. A wide hedgerow of multi-stemmed deciduous trees and shrubs can provide considerable visual screening even in the winter. Background plants look good in mass, but not necessarily individually. They function well as a transition into a native environment. They can be used to set off or accent more attractive material and to create an outer visual border of perceived space. Form can be regular and formal or irregular and informal. Plants can be evergreen or deciduous.

Possible Plants:

  • Vine Maple
  • Red Twig Dogwood
  • Tall Oregon Grape
  • Native roses
  • California Wax Myrtle
  • Western Black Hawthorn
  • Ocean Spray
  • Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Mock Orange
  • Red Flowering Currant

Ground Covers

Any plant that covers the ground and is generally viewed as a mass. Plant height for ground covers can vary from 1 inch to 3 inches or more. Some of these can be used to stabilize slopes and prevent erosion.

Possible Plants:

  • Salal
  • Kinnikinnick
  • Piggyback plant
  • Twinflower
  • Oregon Oxalis
  • Creeping Oregon Grape
  • Dull Oregon Grape
  • Sword Fern
  • Wild Strawberry
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Bunchberry
  • Sedum
  • Inside-out Flower
  • Violet

Swales/Bogs

These plants tolerate seasonal variation in water levels.

Possible Plants:

  • Rushes
  • Sedges
  • Monkey Flower
  • Camas
  • Red Osier Dogwood
  • Pacific Ninebark
  • Western Crabapple

Drought Tolerant

These plants, once established, will require little summer watering.

Possible Plants:

  • Yarrow
  • Pearly Everlasting
  • Oceanspray
  • Mock Orange
  • Sedum
  • Coast Strawberry
  • California Wax Myrtle
  • Ribes
  • Native roses
  • Salal
  • Kinnikinnick
  • Oregon Grape (all)
Previously titled
Plant functions and suggested native plants

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