Oregon State University Extension Service

Create a Home Landscape for Pollinators: Butterflies, Bees and Hummingbirds

Pollinator numbers have declined due to habitat destruction and incorrect chemical use. However, you can create a beautiful pollinator paradise in your home landscape by following these planting guidelines. Native plants often provide good sources of nectar and pollen for our native pollinators, so include native wildflowers, shrubs, and trees in your landscape. Provide a source of water with a bird bath, a small muddy area, or a fountain. Allow some areas of unmulched, bare ground. More than 75% of our native bees need these areas for nesting. 

Planting for success:

  • Provide flowers from early spring to late fall
  • Include variety in flower color, shape and size
  • Plant some larger plants to provide shelter
  • Most pollinator plants prefer sunny sites
  • Plant in groups of the same flowering plant

Butterflies prefer:

  • red, orange, yellow and purple flowers
  • flat flowers shaped like daisies, zinnias, and coreopsis
  • small flowers in clusters such as lilac, butterfly bush, milkweed, catmint, verbena, lupine, and goldenrod

Bees prefer:

  • white, yellow, purple and blue flowers
  • flat flowers shaped like daisies, berry blooms, and dahlias
  • tiny flowers in clusters, such as lavender, sedums, catmint, clover, ninebark, spiraea, and milkweed

Hummingbirds prefer:

  • red, pink and orange flowers
  • flowers shaped like tubes in all sizes, such as bee balm, honeysuckle, penstemon, and hardy fuchsias

Pollinator Garden Resources:

Source URL: https://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/pollinators/create-home-landscape-pollinators-butterflies-bees-hummingbirds