This article describes how to determine vineyard nutrient needs through tissue and soil sampling.
Information on vineyard water management, focusing on when to initiate irrigation.
Plant hormones and growth regulators are chemicals that affect flowering, aging, root growth, distortion and killing of organs, prevention or promotion of stem elongation, color enhancement of fruit, prevention of leafing and/or leaf fall, and many other conditions.
All grapes require heavy pruning to produce fruit, but after the first three growing seasons, different types of grapes need different pruning. Wine grapes and muscadines usually need spur pruning, and American grapes, such as Concord and Thompson Seedless require cane pruning.