Agriculture in the Willamette Valley covers approximately 700,000 ha with 96,000 ha of irrigated production (USDA NAAS 2012). Vegetable production is characterized by small to medium-sized diverse cropping systems with multiple crops per year. Vegetables are sold in both fresh and processing markets and frequently involve brassica crops which are well suited to the mild climate.
The specialty seed industry in Oregon produces a variety of seed crops, over 170 crop species ranging from vegetable seed to cover crop and ornamental flowers. An estimated 14,000+ acres are planted to vegetable seed production statewide, for a farm gate value of over $27 million in 2012 (NASS 2014). Farm gate estimates including a wider selection of specialty seed crops such as flowers and cover crops exceed $50 million annually.