Water-efficient landscape plant list

Plant Name Plant Type Native to Oregon Particularly suited for Oregon's eastside
Arctotis (African daisy) Annual
Calendula officinalis (pot marigold) Annual
Celosia cristata (cockscomb) Annual
Cleome hasslerana (spider flower) Annual
Cosmos bipinnatus (garden cosmos) Annual
Eschscholzia californica (California poppy) Annual x
Gaillardia pulchella (blanket flower) Annual
Gazania x hybrida (gazania) Annual
Gilia capitata (blue thimble flower) Annual x
Gilia tricolor (bird’s eyes) Annual
Helianthus annuus (common sunflower) Annual x
Limonium sinuatum (statice) Annual
Papaver rhoeas (Shirley poppy) Annual
Portulaca (moss rose) Annual
Salvia farinacea (Texas violet) Annual
Salvia splendens (scarlet sage) Annual
Senecio cineraria (dusty miller) Annual
Tropaeolum majus (nasturtium) Annual
Verbena x hybrida (garden verbena) Annual
Amaryllis belladonna (naked lady) Bulb
Brodiaea (brodiaea) Bulb x
Camassia (camas) Bulb x
Chinodoxa (glory-of-the-snow) Bulb
Crocus (crocus) Bulb
Cyclamen hederifolium (hardy cyclamen) Bulb
Fritillaria (fritillary) Bulb x
Galanthus nivalis (snowdrop) Bulb
Iris reticulata (reticulate iris) Bulb
Iris x hollandica (Dutch iris) Bulb
Leucojum aestivum (summer snowflake) Bulb
Muscari armeniacum (grape hyacinth) Bulb
Narcissus (daffodil) Bulb
Puschkinia scilloides (striped squill) Bulb
Scilla (bluebells) Bulb
Sternbergia lutea (winter daffodil) Bulb
Triteleia laxa (Ithuriel’s spear) Bulb
Tulipa (tulip) Bulb
Zantedeschia aethiopica (calla lilly) Bulb
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) Groundcover x
Ceanothus gloriosus (Pt. Reyes ceanothus) Groundcover
Daphne cneorum (rock daphne) Groundcover
Fragaria ‘Lipstick’ (pink flowering strawberry) Groundcover
Fragaria chiloensis (beach strawberry) Groundcover x
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) Groundcover x
Helianthemum nummularium (sunrose) Groundcover
Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper-prostrate forms) Groundcover
Juniperus conferta (Blue Pacific) Groundcover
Juniperus horizontalis (creeping juniper) Groundcover x
Juniperus procumbens (Japanese Garden juniper) Groundcover
Juniperus sabina (Savin juniper) Groundcover
Lithodora diffusa (lithodora) Groundcover
Microbiota decussata (Siberian carpet cypress) Groundcover
Oxalis oregana (wood sorrel) Groundcover x
Penstemon pinnefolius (pine leaf penstemon) Groundcover x
Polystichum munitum (Western sword fern) Groundcover x
Sedum oregana Groundcover x
Sedum spathulifolium Groundcover x
Sedum lanceolatum Groundcover x x
Sempervivum tectorum (hen and chicks) Groundcover
Thymus pseudolanuginosus (wooly thyme) Groundcover
Thymus serphyllum (creeping thyme) Groundcover
Thymus vulgaris (common thyme) Groundcover
Vaccineum scoparum (whortleberry) Groundcover x
Veronica pectinata (speedwell) Groundcover
Achnatherum hymenoides (Indian rice grass) Grass x x
Calamogrostis x acutiflora (feather reed grass) Grass
Carex barbarae (Santa Barbara sedge) Grass x
Fargesia nitida (clumping black bamboo) Grass
Elymus elymoides (bottlebrush squirrel tail) Grass x
Elymus lanceolatua (streambank wheatgrass) Grass x x
Festuca amethystina (large blue fescue) Grass
Festuca cinerea (blue fescue) Grass
Festuca idahoensis (Idaho fescue) Grass x
Helictotrichon sempervirens (blue oat grass) Grass
Koeleria glauca (large blue hair grass) Grass
Koeleria macrantha (K. cristata - prairie junegrass) Grass x
Leymus racemosus ‘Glaucus’ (wild blue rye) Grass
Panicum virgatum (switch grass) Grass
Poa secunda (P. sandbergii; P. ampla) Grass x
Pseudoregnia (Agropyron) Grass
Spicata (bluebunch wheatgrass) Grass x x
Stipa gigantea (giant feather grass) Grass
Acanthus mollis (bear’s breech) Perennial
Achillea filipendulina (fernleaf yarrow) Perennial
Achillea millefolium (common yarrow) Perennial x
Agapanthus (African lily) Perennial
Agastache rugosa (Korean hummingbird mint) Perennial
Agastache species (hummingbird mint or hyssop) Perennial
Amsonia hubrichtii (blue star) Perennial
Anacyclus depressus (Mount Atlas Daisy) Perennial x
Anaphalis margiratacea (pearly everlasting) Perennial x
Antennaria microphylla (rosy pussytoes) Perennial x x
Aquilegia formosa (western columbine) Perennial x
Aquilegia sp. (columbine) Perennial x
Aster amellus (Italian aster) Perennial
Aurina saxatilis (basket-of-gold) Perennial
Balsamorhiza sagittata (arrowroot balsamroot) Perennial x x
Callirhoe involucrata (poppy mallow) Perennial
Coreopsis grandiflora (tickseed) Perennial
Coreopsis verticillata (thread-leaf tickseed) Perennial
Delospermum cooperi (purple iceplant) Perennial x
Delosperma nubigenum (yellow iceplant) Perennial x
Dianthus gratianopolitanus (cheddar pink) Perennial
Echinacea purpurea species and cultivars (Purple coneflower) Perennial
Epilobium canum (California fuchsia) Perennial x
Epimedium sp. (bishop’s hat) Perennial
Erigeron speciosus (showy fleabane) Perennial x
Eriogonum heracleoides (buckwheat) Perennial x x
Eriogonum umbellatum (buckwheat) Perennial x x
Eriogonum niveum (snow buckwheat) Perennial x x
Eryngium (sea holly) Perennial
Eriophyllum lanatum (Oregon sunshine) Perennial x
Erysimum (wallflower) Perennial
Euphorbia polychroma (cushion spurge) Perennial
Gaillardia aristida (Indian blanket flower) Perennial x x
Gaillardia x grandiflora (blanketflower) Perennial
Gaillardia sp. (blanketflower) Perennial
Gazania linearis (treasure flower) Perennial
Geranium sanguineum (bloody cranesbill) Perennial
Helleborus (hellebore) Perennial
Hemerocallis species and cultivars (daylily) Perennial
Hesperaloe parviflora (red yucca) Perennial
Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop) Perennial
Iberis sempervirens (candytuft) Perennial
Iliamna rivularis (mountain hollyhock) Perennial x
Ipomopsis aggregata (scarlet gilia) Perennial
Iris (bearded iris) Perennial
Iris – Pacific Coast Hybrids Perennial x
Iris tenax (Oregon iris) Perennial x
Iris unguicularis (Algerian iris) Perennial
Leucanthemum x superbum (Shasta daisy) Perennial
Leucocrinum montanum (sand lily) Perennial x x
Linum perenne (blue flax) Perennial x
Lupinus (lupines) Perennial x 1
Malva alcea (mallow) Perennial
Mimulus nanus (dwarf purple monkey flower) Perennial x x
Oenothera berlandieri ‘Siskiyou’ (Mexican evening primrose) Perennial
Oenothera macrocarpa (Ozark sundrops) Perennial
Oenothera (evening primrose) Perennial x 1
Oenothera speciosa (Mex. evening primrose) Perennial
Paeonia obovata (forest peony) Perennial
Papaver orientale (Oriental poppy) Perennial
Penstemon barbatus (beardlip penstemon) Perennial x
Penstemon davidsonii Perennial x x
Penstemon humilis Perennial x x
Penstemon richardsonii Perennial x x
Penstemon speciosus Perennial x x
Penstemon fruitcosus Perennial x x
Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian sage) Perennial
Phlomis russeliana (sticky Jerusalem sate) Perennial
Phlox difussa (spreading phlox) Perennial x
Phlox subulata (moss phlox) Perennial
Platycodon grandiflora (balloon flower) Perennial
Rudbeckia (black-eyed Susan) Perennial
Pulsatilla (pasque flower) Perennial
Ratibida columnifera (prairie coneflower) Perennial
Salvia clevelandii (CA blue sage) Perennial
Salvia leucophylla (purple sage) Perennial
Salvia officinalis (sage) Perennial
Silene uniflora (catchfly) Perennial
Sisyrinchium bellum (blue-eyed grass) Perennial x
Solidago canadensis (goldenrod) Perennial x
Sphaeralcea cocinnea (scarlet globemallow) Perennial x x
Symphotrichon ascendens (Aster chilensis) Perennial x x
Symphotrichon subspicatum (Aster subspicatus) Perennial x
Teucrium chamaedrys (germander) Perennial
Veronica prostrata (speedwell) Perennial
Yucca sp. (yucca) Perennial
Aesculus californica (CA buckeye) Shrub x
Aesculus pavia (red buckeye) Shrub
Arctostaphylos columbiana (hairy manzanita) Shrub x
Arctostaphylos x media (Media manzanita) Shrub x
Arctostaphylos nevadensis (pinemat manzanita) Shrub x
Arctostaphylos patula (greenleaf manzanita) Shrub x
Artemisia (sagebrush, wormwood) Shrub x 1
Artemisia tridentata (big sagebrush) Shrub x x
Azara microphylla (boxleaf azara, chin-chin) Shrub
Baccharis pilularis (dwarf coyote bush) Shrub x
Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium & B. nervosa (OR grape) Shrub x
Berberis (Mahonia) repens (creeping holly) Shrub x
Brachyglottis (Senecio) greyii (daisy bush, silver senecio) Shrub
Buxus (boxwood) Shrub
Calycanthus occidentalis (spice bush) Shrub
Caryopteris x clandonensis (bluebeard) Shrub
Ceanothus impressus (CA lilac) Shrub
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus (CA lilac) Shrub x
Ceanothus velutinus (buckbrush) Shrub x
Ceanothus ‘Victoria’ (CA lilac) Shrub
Cercis occidentalis (western redbud) Shrub x
Cercocarpus ledifolium (curl-leaf mountain mahogany) Shrub x x
Cercocarpus montanus (MT mahogany) Shrub x
Chamaebatiaria millefolium (desert sweet) Shrub x x
Chrysothamnus nauseosus (gray rabbitbrush) Shrub x x
Cistus (rockrose) Shrub
Corokia dammeri (wirebush) Shrub
Cornus sericea (redtwig dogwood) Shrub x
Cotinus coggygria (smoke tree) Shrub
Daphne caucasica (Caucasian daphne) Shrub
Dendromecon rigida (bush poppy) Shrub
Ericameria viscidiflorus lanceloatus (low green rabbitbrush) Shrub x x
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus ‘Variegatus (five fingered aralia)’ Shrub
Fallugia paradoxa (Apache plume) Shrub x
Gaultheria shallon (salal) Shrub x
Garrya elliptica (coast silktassel) Shrub x
Garry fremontii (Fremont silktassel) Shrub x
Forsythia cultivars Shrub
Halimium (rockrose) Shrub
Hebe glaucophyllum (gray leaf hebe) Shrub
Holodiscus discolor (oceanspray) Shrub x
Ilex cornuta (Chinese holly) Shrub
Jasminum nudiflorum (winter jasmine) Shrub
Juniperus chinensis ‘Hetzii’ Shrub
Juniperus squamata ‘Meyeri’ Shrub
Lavandula (lavender of many kinds) Shrub
Lonicera nitida (box honeysuckle) Shrub
Oemleria cerasiformis (osoberry) Shrub x
Origanum (oregano) Shrub
Osmanthus delavayi & heterophyllus Shrub
Paxistima myrsinites (Oregon box) Shrub x
Penstemon fruiticosus (shrubby penstemon) Shrub x
Philadelphus lewisii (western mock orange) Shrub x
Phlomis fruitcosa, italica & purpurea Shrub
Physocarpus malvaceus (mallow ninebark) Shrub x x
Pierus japonica (andromeda, pieris) Shrub
Pinus mugo (mugo pine) Shrub
Potentilla fruticosa (bush cinquefoil) Shrub x
Prunus besseyi (western sandcherry) Shrub
Rhamnus californica (CA coffeeberry) Shrub x
Rhus aromatica (gro-low sumac) Shrub
Purshia tridentata (bitterbrush) Shrub x x
Ribes alpinum (alpine currant) Shrub x x
Ribes aureum (golden currant) Shrub x
Ribes cereum (wax currant) Shrub x
Ribes sanguineum (flowering currant) Shrub x
Ribes speciosum (fuchsia-flowered currant) Shrub
Ribes viscossissium (sticky currant) Shrub x x
Rosa gymnocarpa (wood rose) Shrub x
Rosa glauca (R. ferruginiea-redleaf rose) Shrub
Rosmarinus (rosemary) Shrub
Salvia dorrii (purple sage) Shrub x x
Sambucus caerulea (blue elderberry) Shrub x
Santolina chamaecyparissus (lavender cotton) Shrub
Sarcococca (sweetbox) Shrub
Senecio viravira (dusty miller) Shrub
Symphoricarpos alba (snowberry) Shrub x
Syringa myeri (Meyer lilac) Shrub
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (coralberry) Shrub
Viburnum lentago (nammyberry) Shrub
Yucca glauca & whipplei Shrub
Acer campestre (hedge maple) Broadleaf tree
Acer glabrum (rocky mountain maple) Broadleaf tree x
Acer griseum (paperbark maple) Broadleaf tree
Aesculus californica (California buckeye) Broadleaf tree x
Aesculus glabrum (Ohio buckeye) Broadleaf tree x
Amelanchier alnifolia (serviceberry) Broadleaf tree x
Arbutus unedo (strawberry tree) Broadleaf tree
Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam) Broadleaf tree
Cercis canadensis (eastern redbud) Broadleaf tree
Fraxinus angustifolia ‘Raywood’ (raywood ash) Broadleaf tree
Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash) Broadleaf tree
Ginkgo biloba (maindenhair tree) Broadleaf tree
Maackia amurensis (Amus maackia) Broadleaf tree
Malus hybrids (flowering crab) Broadleaf tree
Parrotia persica (Persian parrotia) Broadleaf tree
Prunus emarginata (bitter cherry) Broadleaf tree x
Prunus virginiana (chokecherry) Broadleaf tree x
Quercus garryana (OR white oak) Broadleaf tree x
Quercus ilex (holly oak) Broadleaf tree
Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak) Broadleaf tree
Rhamnus purshiana (cascara) Broadleaf tree x
Salix scouleriana (scourler willow) Broadleaf tree x
Sorbus scopulina (mountain ash) Broadleaf tree x
Syringa reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’ (Japanese tree lilac) Broadleaf tree
Tilia tomentosa (silver linden) Broadleaf tree
Umbellularia californica (OR myrtle) Broadleaf tree x
Zelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Broadleaf tree
Abies grandis (grand fir) Conifer tree x
Abies lasiocarpa (subalpine fir) Conifer tree x
Abies pinsapo (Spanish fir) Conifer tree
Acer circinatum (vine maple) Conifer tree x
Cedrus atlantica (atlas cedar) Conifer tree
Cephlotaxus harringtonia (Japanese plum yew) Conifer tree
Chamae cyparis nootkatensis (Alaska cedar) Conifer tree
Cupressus glabra (AZ cypress) Conifer tree
Hamamelis sp. (witchhazel) Conifer tree
Juniperus chinensis (Chinese juniper) Conifer tree
Juniperus occidentalis (western juniper) Conifer tree x x
Juniperus scopulorum (Rocky MT juniper) Conifer tree x
Larex kaempheri (Japanese larch) Conifer tree
Larex occidentalis (western larch) Conifer tree x
Picea pungens (CO blue spruce) Conifer tree
Pinus aristata (bristlecone pine) Conifer tree
Pinus contorta latifolia (lodgepole pine) Conifer tree x
Pinus contorta myrrayana (Murrayana pine, bonsai orsparse form) Conifer tree x
Pinus flexilis (limber pine) Conifer tree
Pinus monticola (western white pine) Conifer tree x
Pinus nigra (Austrian pine) Conifer tree
Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine) Conifer tree x
Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine) Conifer tree
Podocarpus alpinus(podocarpus, totara) Conifer tree
Taxus baccata (English yew) Conifer tree
X Cupressocyparis leylandii (Leyland cypress) Conifer tree
Campsis radicans (trumpet vine) Vine
Campsis x tagliabuana (trumpet creeper) Vine
Clematis cirrhosa (crowfoot) Vine
Clematis tangutica (yellow lantern clematis) Vine
Jasminum officinale (poet’s jasmine) Vine
Lonicera etrusca (honeysuckle) Vine
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Vine
Polygonum aubertii (silver lace vine) Vine
Rosa banksiae (Banksia rose) Vine
Vitis vinifera ‘Purpurea’ (purple-leaved grape) Vine
Wisteria (wisteria) Vine
  • 1 a b c Some species in genus

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