Bees in the woods: Promoting pollinator habitat on your east side forest


(bright music)

- The forests of Central

and Eastern Oregon are diverse

and complex, in terms of their structure

and species composition.

These forests can be broken up

into four major forest types,

ranging in elevation,
temperature, and moisture,

and are largely driven by the
topography and local climate.

These forests range from the
open ponderosa pine stands

to mixed conifer,

and up in elevation to subalpine forests.

And although these forests
range in their complexities

and species compositions,
a lot of the management

remains the same, whether it's uneven-aged

or even-aged management.

But the difference
being that the intervals

between these treatments
are usually a lot longer.

These forests have changed dramatically

since their historical ranges
in terms of their densities

and species composition,

and has largely been driven by
things like fire suppression,

grazing and past management practices.

Forests of Eastern
Oregon grow a lot slower

than forests on the west side

so there's a lot longer time
periods between treatments.

So, there's plenty of opportunity

to incorporate things
like pollinator habitat

into your current management objectives.

Depending on your management objectives

and your forest type, there
are a number of opportunities

to encourage pollinator
and other wildlife habitat

in your dry side forest.

The first thing to consider
is invasive species

such as invasive annual grasses

that can compete with native vegetation.

The second thing to
consider is reintroducing

native species, either
through seeding or planting.

And the third thing to
consider is protecting

and promoting the growth of native species

either through caging or irrigation.

Whether you're using an even-age system

or an uneven-age system,

if you're interested in
incorporating pollinator habitat

into your management objectives

these are a couple key things to consider.

The first is that open
stands allow enough light

to reach the understory to
promote pollinator species.

The next, if utilizing an
uneven-age management system

is to utilize group
selection or patch cuts

to create the same light
reaching the understory.

The most common intermediate treatments

are fuels reduction treatments,

where understory species are
removed to reduce the fire risk

and reduce the continuity of
fuels as well as ladder fuels.

Reducing that understory competition

by removing smaller trees or even shrubs

can also help promote understory growth.

A couple other elements to consider

is leaving course woody debris

and also minimizing soil disturbance.

Coarse, woody debris is crucial

for some pollinator species,

and minimizing soil disturbance

can help protect ground nesters.

Another thing to consider is
protecting pollinator species

from herbivory, whether from
wild animals such as ungulates

or from domestic animals
such as grazing livestock.

Another treatment that can be used

to increase pollinator habitat

and promote pollinator
species is prescribed fire.

Prescribed fire can remove fuels

and help expose mineral
seed beds to promote seeding

of various species that
pollinators prefer.

Some common species in Central

and Eastern Oregon that pollinators prefer

include flowering shrubs such
as rabbit brush or manzanita

or many flowering herbaceous species

like the number of
wildflowers found throughout.

(bright music)

This is an introductory video describing the needs of pollinators and how those needs can be met by forests in Eastern Oregon.

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